Swiss Civil Code (SCC) in english

Swiss Civil Code - 2023

Art. 1 IntroductionA. Application of the law
Art. 2 B. Scope and limits of legal relationshipsI. Acting in good faith
Art. 3 II. Good faith
Art. 4
Art. 5 C. Federal law and cantonal lawI. Cantonal civil law and local custom
Art. 6 II. Cantonal public law
Art. 7 D. General provisions of the Code of Obligations
Art. 8 E. Rules of evidenceI. Burden of proof
Art. 9 II. Proof by public document
Art. 10
Art. 11 Chapter One: Legal PersonalityA. Personality in generalI. Legal capacity
Art. 12 II. Capacity to act1. Nature
Art. 13 2. Requirementsa. In general
Art. 14 b. Majority
Art. 15 c. ...
Art. 16 d. Capacity of judgement
Art. 17 III. Incapacity1. In general
Art. 18 2. Lack of capacity of judgement
Art. 19
Art. 19a b. Consent of the legal representative
Art. 19b c. Absence of consent
Art. 19c 4. Strictly personal rights
Art. 19d IIIbis. Restriction of the capacity to act
Art. 20 1. Blood kinship
Art. 21 2. Kinship by marriage
Art. 22 V. Place of origin and domicile1. Origin
Art. 23 2. Domicilea. Definition
Art. 24 b. Change of domicile, temporary residence
Art. 25
Art. 26 d. Persons in institutions
Art. 27
Art. 28 II. Against infringements1. Principle
Art. 28a
Art. 28b b. Violence, threats or harassment
Art. 28c c. Electronic monitoring
Art. 28 3. ...
Art. 28g
Art. 28h b. Form and content
Art. 28i c. Procedure
Art. 28k d. Publication
Art. 28l e. Recourse to the courts
Art. 29 III. Right to use one’s name1. Protection of one’s name
Art. 30
Art. 30a b. On the death of a spouse
Art. 30b IV. In relation to sex
Art. 31 C. Beginning and end of personality rightsI. Birth and death
Art. 32 II. Proof1. Burden of proof
Art. 33 2. Evidencea. In general
Art. 34 b. Presumption of death
Art. 35 III. Declaration of presumed death1. In general
Art. 36 2. Procedure
Art. 37 3. Failure of application
Art. 38 4. Effect
Art. 39 A. RegistersI. In general
Art. 40
Art. 41 III. Proof of undisputed information
Art. 42 IV. Rectification1. By court order
Art. 43 2. By the register authorities
Art. 43a V. Data protection and disclosure
Art. 44 B. OrganisationI. Civil register authorities1. Civil registrars
Art. 45 2. Supervisory authorities
Art. 45a Ia. Central civil information system
Art. 46 II. Liability
Art. 47 III. Disciplinary measures
Art. 48 C. Implementing provisionsI. Federal law
Art. 49 II. Cantonal law
Art. 50
Art. 52 Title Two: Legal EntitiesChapter One: General ProvisionsA. Legal personality
Art. 53 B. Legal capacity
Art. 54 C. Capacity to actI. Requirements
Art. 55 II. Action on behalf of the legal entity
Art. 56 D. Seat
Art. 57 E. DissolutionI. Application of assets
Art. 58 II. Liquidation
Art. 59 F. Reservation of public law and company law
Art. 60 Chapter Two: AssociationsA. FormationI. Corporate group of persons
Art. 61
Art. 61a IIa. List of members
Art. 62 III. Associations lacking legal personality
Art. 63 IV. Relationship between articles of association and the law
Art. 64 B. OrganisationI. General meeting1. Function, convening of meetings
Art. 65 2. Powers
Art. 66 3. Resolutionsa. Form
Art. 67 b. Voting rights and majority
Art. 68 c. Exclusion from voting
Art. 69
Art. 69a 2. Accounting
Art. 69b III. Auditors
Art. 69c IV. Organisational defects
Art. 69d Bbis. Imminent insolvency and overindebtedness
Art. 70 C. MembershipI. Admission, resignation
Art. 71 II. Duty to pay subscriptions
Art. 72 III. Exclusion
Art. 73 IV. Status of former members
Art. 74 V. Protection of the objects of the association
Art. 75 VI. Protection of members
Art. 75a Cbis. Liability
Art. 76 D. DissolutionI. Manner of dissolution1. By resolution
Art. 77 2. By operation of law
Art. 78 3. By court order
Art. 79 II. Deletion from the commercial register
Art. 80 Chapter Three: FoundationsA. FormationI. In general
Art. 81 II. Form of establishment
Art. 82 III. Challenge
Art. 83 B. OrganisationI. In general
Art. 83a II. Bookkeeping
Art. 83b III. Auditors1. Duty of audit and applicable law
Art. 83c 2. Supervisory authority
Art. 83d IV. Organisational defects
Art. 84 C. Supervision
Art. 84a Cbis. Imminent insolvency and overindebtedness
Art. 84b Cter. Disclosure of remuneration
Art. 85 D. Modification of the foundationI. Reorganisation
Art. 86
Art. 86a 2. At the founder’s request or in accordance with his testamentary disposition
Art. 86b III. Minor amendments to the charter
Art. 87 E. Family and ecclesiastical foundations
Art. 88 F. Dissolution and deletion from the registerI. Dissolution by the competent authority
Art. 89 II. Right to apply for dissolution, deletion from the register
Art. 89a
Art. 89b A. No management
Art. 89c B. Jurisdiction
Art. 90 Chapter One: EngagementA. Betrothal
Art. 91 B. Ending the engagementI. Gifts
Art. 92 II. Duty to contribute
Art. 93 III. Prescription
Art. 94 Chapter Two: Requirements for MarriageA. Capacity to marry
Art. 95
Art. 96 II. Previous marriage or registered partnership
Art. 97 Chapter Three: Preparation and Wedding CeremonyA. General principles
Art. 97a Abis. Circumvention of the legislation on foreign nationals
Art. 98 B. Preparatory procedureI. Request
Art. 99 II. Conduct and completion of the preparatory procedure
Art. 100 III. Time limits
Art. 101 C. Wedding ceremonyI. Venue
Art. 102 II. Form
Art. 103 D. Implementing provisions
Art. 104 Chapter Four: Annulment of MarriageA. General principle
Art. 105 B. Annulment not subject to a time limitI. Grounds
Art. 106 II. Action for annulment
Art. 107 C. Annulment subject to a time limitI. Grounds
Art. 108 II. Action for annulment
Art. 109 D. Effects of judgment
Art. 110
Art. 111 Chapter One: Requirements for DivorceA. Divorce by joint requestI. Comprehensive agreement
Art. 112 II. Partial agreement
Art. 113
Art. 114 B. Divorce at the petition of one spouseI. After living apart
Art. 115 II. Irretrievable breakdown
Art. 116
Art. 117 Chapter Two: SeparationA. Requirements and procedure
Art. 118 B. Effects of separation
Art. 119 Chapter Three: Consequences of DivorceA. Civil status of divorced spouses
Art. 120 B. Marital property law and inheritance law
Art. 121 C. Family home
Art. 122 D. Occupational pensionsI. Principle
Art. 123 II. Equitable division of termination benefits
Art. 124 III. Equitable division of invalidity pension prior to statutory retirement age
Art. 124a IV. Equitable division in the case of invalidity pensions after statutory retirement age and in the case of retirement pensions
Art. 124b V. Exceptions
Art. 124c VI. Offset of mutual entitlements
Art. 124d VII. Unreasonableness
Art. 124e VIII. Impossibility
Art. 125 E. Post-marital maintenanceI. Requirements
Art. 126 II. Modalities of maintenance contributions
Art. 127 III. Regular payments1. Special terms
Art. 128 2. Adjustment for inflation
Art. 129 3. Adjustment by court order
Art. 130 4. Expiry by law
Art. 131 IV. Enforcement1. Enforcement assistance
Art. 131a 2. Advance payments
Art. 132
Art. 133 F. ChildrenI. Parental rights and obligations
Art. 134 II. Change of circumstances
Art. 135149
Art. 150158
Art. 159 A. Marital union; rights and duties of spouses
Art. 160 B. Surname
Art. 161 C. Cantonal and communal citizenship
Art. 162 D. Marital home
Art. 163 E. Maintenance of the familyI. In general
Art. 164 II. Allowance for personal use
Art. 165 III. Extraordinary contributions by one spouse
Art. 166 F. Representation of the marital union
Art. 167 G. Spouses’ career or business
Art. 168 H. Transactions by the spousesI. In general
Art. 169 II. Family home
Art. 170 J. Duty to inform
Art. 171 K. Protection of the marital unionI. Counselling agencies
Art. 172 II. Court measures1. In general
Art. 173 2. While living togethera. Financial contributions
Art. 174 b. Revocation of powers of representation
Art. 175 3. Suspension of joint householda. Grounds
Art. 176 b. Arrangements for living apart
Art. 176a 4. Enforcementa. Enforcement assistance and advance payments
Art. 177
Art. 178 5. Restriction of power to dispose of assets
Art. 179
Art. 180
Art. 181 Chapter One: General ProvisionsA. Ordinary property regime
Art. 182 B. Marital agreementI. Choice of regime
Art. 183 II. Capacity to enter into an agreement
Art. 184 III. Form of the agreement
Art. 185 C. Extraordinary property regimeI. At the request of one spouse1. By court order
Art. 186 2. ...
Art. 187 3. Revocation
Art. 188 II. In the event of bankruptcy or distraint1. Bankruptcy
Art. 189 2. Distrainta. By court order
Art. 190
Art. 191 3. Revocation
Art. 192 III. Liquidation of the previous marital property regime
Art. 193 D. Protection of creditors
Art. 194 E. ...
Art. 195 F. Management of one spouse’s assets by the other
Art. 195a G. Inventory
Art. 196 A. OwnershipI. Categories
Art. 197 II. Acquired property
Art. 198 III. Individual property1. By operation of law
Art. 199 2. By marital agreement
Art. 200 IV. Proof
Art. 201 B. Management, benefits and power of disposal
Art. 202 C. Liability toward third parties
Art. 203 D. Debts between spouses
Art. 204 E. Dissolution of the property regime and liquidationI. Time of dissolution
Art. 205 II. Taking back property and settling debts1. In general
Art. 206 2. Participation in increased value
Art. 207 III. Calculating the surplus for each spouse1. Separation of acquired property and individual property
Art. 208 2. Additions
Art. 209 3. Compensation operations between acquired property and individual property
Art. 210 4. Surplus
Art. 211 IV. Valuation1. Market value
Art. 212 2. Capitalised valuea. In general
Art. 213 b. Special circumstances
Art. 214 3. Defining juncture
Art. 215 V. Share of the surplus1. By law
Art. 216 2. By agreementa. In general
Art. 217 b. On divorce, separation, annulment of the marriage or separation of property by court order
Art. 218 VI. Payment of the participation claim and the share of the increased value1. Deferred payment
Art. 219 2. Home and household effects
Art. 220 3. Claims against third parties
Art. 221 Chapter Three: Community of PropertyA. OwnershipI. Categories
Art. 222 II. Common property1. General community of property
Art. 223 2. Limited community of propertya. Community restricted to acquired property
Art. 224 b. Further community of property regimes
Art. 225 III. Individual property
Art. 226 IV. Proof
Art. 227 B. Management and power of disposalI. Common property1. Everyday housekeeping
Art. 228 2. Extraordinary housekeeping
Art. 229 3. Use of common property for professional or business purposes
Art. 230 4. Renunciation and acceptance of inheritances
Art. 231 5. Liability and management costs
Art. 232 II. Individual property
Art. 233 C. Liability toward third partiesI. Full liability
Art. 234 II. Individual liability
Art. 235 D. Debts between spouses
Art. 236 E. Dissolution of the property regime and liquidationI. Time of dissolution
Art. 237 II. Allocation to individual property
Art. 238 III. Compensation operations between joint and individual property
Art. 239 IV. Participation in increased value
Art. 240 V. Valuation
Art. 241 VI. Division1. On death or implementation of a different marital property regime
Art. 242 2. In other cases
Art. 243 VII. Division of the property1. Individual property
Art. 244 2. Home and household effects
Art. 245 3. Other assets
Art. 246 4. Further provisions
Art. 247 Chapter Four: Separation of PropertyA. Management, benefits and power of disposalI. In general
Art. 248 II. Proof
Art. 249 B. Liability toward third parties
Art. 250 C. Debts between spouses
Art. 251 D. Allocation of property in co-ownership
Art. 252 A. Formation of parent-child relationship in general
Art. 253 B. ...
Art. 254
Art. 255
Art. 255a II. Parental status of the wife
Art. 256
Art. 256a II. Grounds for challenge1. In the case of conception in wedlock
Art. 256b 2. In the case of conception before marriage or while spouses were living apart
Art. 256c III. Time limits
Art. 257 C. Conflict of presumptions
Art. 258 D. Challenge by the parents
Art. 259 E. Marriage of the parents
Art. 260 A. RecognitionI. Admissibility and form
Art. 260a II. Challenge1. Right to challenge
Art. 260b 2. Grounds
Art. 260c 3. Time limits
Art. 261 B. Action to determine paternityI. Right to bring the action
Art. 262 II. Presumption
Art. 263 III. Time limits
Art. 264 A. Adoption of minorsI. General requirements
Art. 264a II. Joint adoption
Art. 264b III. Adoption by a single person
Art. 264c IV. Adoption of a stepchild
Art. 264d V. Difference in age
Art. 265 VI. Consent of the child and the child protection authority
Art. 265a 1. Form
Art. 265b 2. Time of consent
Art. 265c 3. Dispensing with consenta. Requirements
Art. 265d b. Decision
Art. 266 B. Adoption of an adult
Art. 267 C. EffectsI. In general
Art. 267a II. Name
Art. 267b III. Citizenship
Art. 268
Art. 268a II. Investigation
Art. 268abis III. Hearing for the child
Art. 268ater IV. Representation for the child
Art. 268aquater V. Taking account of the attitude of family members
Art. 268b
Art. 268c
Art. 268d
Art. 268e
Art. 269 E. ChallengeI. Grounds1. Lack of consent
Art. 269a 2. Other defects
Art. 269b II. Time limits
Art. 269c F. Adoption agency services
Art. 270 A. Family surnameI. Child of married parents
Art. 270a II. Child of unmarried parents
Art. 270b III. Consent of the child
Art. 271 B. Citizenship
Art. 272 C. Support and common welfare
Art. 273 D. ContactI. Parents and children1. Principle
Art. 274 2. Restrictions
Art. 274a II. Third parties
Art. 275 III. Responsible authorities
Art. 275a E. Right to information
Art. 276
Art. 276a II. Precedence of maintenance for minors
Art. 277 B. Duration
Art. 278 C. Married parents
Art. 279
Art. 280284 II. and III. ...
Art. 285 IV. Amount of child maintenance contribution1. Parents’ contribution
Art. 285a 2. Other payments for maintenance of the child
Art. 286
Art. 286a 2. Shortfalls
Art. 287 E. Maintenance agreementsI. Regular payments
Art. 287a II. Scope of a maintenance agreement
Art. 288 III. Final settlement

Originally No II.

Art. 289 F. FulfilmentI. Entitlement
Art. 290 II. Enforcement1. Enforcement assistance
Art. 291 2. Directions to debtors
Art. 292 III. Security
Art. 293 G. Public law
Art. 294 H. Foster parents
Art. 295 J. Rights of the unmarried mother
Art. 296 A. Principles
Art. 297 Abis. Death of a parent
Art. 298 Ater. Divorce and other marital proceedings
Art. 298a Aquater. Recognition and court declaration of paternityI. Joint declaration by the parents
Art. 298b II. Decision of the child protection authority
Art. 298c III. Paternity action
Art. 298d IV. Change in circumstances
Art. 298e Aquinquies. Change in the situation after the adoption of a stepchild in a cohabitation relationship
Art. 299
Art. 300
Art. 301 B. ScopeI. In general
Art. 301a II. Deciding on the place of residence
Art. 302
Art. 303
Art. 304
Art. 305
Art. 306 2. Within the family community
Art. 307 C. Child protectionI. Appropriate measures
Art. 308
Art. 309
Art. 310
Art. 311
Art. 312
Art. 313 V. Change in circumstances
Art. 314 VI. Procedure1. General
Art. 314a 2. Hearing for the child
Art. 314abis 3. Representation for the child
Art. 314b 4. Committal to a secure institution or psychiatric hospital
Art. 314c 5. Right to notify
Art. 314d 6. Duty to notify
Art. 314e 7. Cooperation and administrative assistance
Art. 315
Art. 315a 2. In marital proceedingsa. Jurisdiction of the court
Art. 315b b. Amendment of court orders
Art. 316 VIII. Supervision of foster children
Art. 317 IX. Cooperation in youth support
Art. 318 A. Management
Art. 319 B. Use of income
Art. 320 C. Drawing on the child’s assets
Art. 321 D. Freely disposable property of the childI. Endowments
Art. 322 II. Statutory entitlement
Art. 323 III. Employment income, professional and business assets
Art. 324 E. Protection of the child’s propertyI. Appropriate measures
Art. 325 II. Withdrawal of management
Art. 326 F. End of asset managementI. Return of property
Art. 327 II. Liability
Art. 327a A. Principle
Art. 327b B. Legal statusI. Of the child
Art. 327c II. Of the guardian
Art. 328 Title Nine: Family CommunityChapter One: Duty of AssistanceA. Persons obliged to lend assistance
Art. 329
Art. 330 C. Maintenance of foundlings
Art. 331 Chapter Two: Authority within the HouseholdA. Requirement
Art. 332 B. EffectI. House rules and welfare
Art. 333 II. Liability
Art. 334 III. Claims of children and grandchildren1. Requirements
Art. 334bis 2. Asserting claims
Art. 335 Chapter Three: Family PropertyA. Family foundations
Art. 336 B. Ownership in undivided sharesI. Formation1. Authority
Art. 337 2. Form
Art. 338 II. Duration
Art. 339 III. Effect1. Type of ownership
Art. 340 2. Management and representationa. In general
Art. 341 b. Manager's powers
Art. 342 3. Common property and personal property
Art. 343 IV. Dissolution1. Grounds
Art. 344 2. Notice, insolvency, marriage
Art. 345 3. Death of a co-owner
Art. 346 4. Division
Art. 347 V. Revenue-generating co-ownership1. Nature
Art. 348 2. Special grounds for dissolution
Art. 349358
Art. 359
Art. 360 Section One: Own Arrangements for CareSubsection One: The Advance Care DirectiveA. Principle
Art. 361 B. Execution and revocationI. Execution
Art. 362 II. Revocation
Art. 363 C. Decision on effectiveness and acceptance
Art. 364 D. Interpretation and clarification
Art. 365 E. Fulfilment
Art. 366 F. Remuneration and expenses
Art. 367 G. Termination
Art. 368 H. Intervention by the adult protection authority
Art. 369 I. Regaining the capacity of judgement
Art. 370 Subsection Two: The Patient DecreeA. Principle
Art. 371 B. Execution and revocation
Art. 372 C. Loss of capacity of judgement
Art. 373 D. Intervention by the adult protection authority
Art. 374 Representation by the Spouse or Registered Partner
Art. 375 B. Exercise of the right to act as representative
Art. 376 C. Intervention by the adult protection authority
Art. 377 Representation in relation to Medical Procedures
Art. 378 B. The representative
Art. 379 C. Urgent cases
Art. 380 D. Treatment of a mental disorder
Art. 381 E. Intervention by the adult protection authority
Art. 382 Stays in Residential or Care Institutions
Art. 383 B. Restriction of freedom of movementI. Requirements
Art. 384 II. Records and Information
Art. 385 III. Intervention by the adult protection authority
Art. 386 C. Protection of privacy
Art. 387 D. Supervision of residential and care institution
Art. 388 Title Eleven: Official MeasuresSection One: General PrinciplesA. Aim
Art. 389 B. Subsidiarity and proportionality
Art. 390 Section Two: The DeputyshipSub-Section One: General ProvisionsA. Requirements
Art. 391 B. Scope of responsibilities
Art. 392 C. Dispensing with a deputyship
Art. 393 Sub-Section Two: Types of DeputyshipA. Assistance deputyship
Art. 394 B. Representative deputyshipI. In general
Art. 395 II. Asset management
Art. 396 C. Advisory deputyship
Art. 397 D. Combination of deputyships
Art. 398 E. General deputyship
Art. 399 Sub-Section Three: End of the Deputyship
Art. 400 Sub-Section Four: The DeputyA. AppointmentI. General requirements
Art. 401 II. Wishes of the client or his or her closely associated persons
Art. 402 III. Appointment of two or more persons
Art. 403 B. Incapacity and conflict of interests
Art. 404 C. Remuneration and expenses
Art. 405 Sub-Section Five: Deputyship TasksA. Assumption of office
Art. 406 B. Relationship with the client
Art. 407 C. Client's autonomy
Art. 408 D. Asset managementI. Tasks
Art. 409 II. Personal allowance
Art. 410 III. Accounts
Art. 411 E. Reporting
Art. 412 F. Special transactions
Art. 413 G. Duties of care and confidentiality
Art. 414 H. Amendment of conditions
Art. 415 Role of the Adult Protection Authority
Art. 416 B. Transactions requiring consentI. By law
Art. 417 II. By order
Art. 418 III. Lack of consent
Art. 419 Intervention by the Adult Protection Authority
Art. 420 Special Provisions for Family Members
Art. 421 Termination of the Office of Deputy
Art. 422 B. DischargeI. At the deputy's request
Art. 423 II. Other cases
Art. 424 C. Continuation of transactions
Art. 425 D. Final report and final accounts
Art. 426 Section Three: Care-Related HospitalisationA. The measuresI. Hospitalisation for treatment or care
Art. 427 II. Detention of persons admitted voluntarily
Art. 428 B. Responsibility for hospitalisation and dischargeI. Adult protection authority
Art. 429 II. Doctors1. Responsibility
Art. 430 2. Procedures
Art. 431 C. Regular review
Art. 432 D. Authorised representative
Art. 433 E. Medical measures in the case of a mental disorderI. Treatment plan
Art. 434 II. Treatment without consent
Art. 435 III. Emergencies
Art. 436 IV. Pre-discharge interview
Art. 437 V. Cantonal law
Art. 438 F. Measures restricting freedom of movement
Art. 439 G. Petition to the court
Art. 440 Title Twelve: OrganisationSection One: Authorities and Local JurisdictionA. Adult protection authority
Art. 441 B. Supervisory authority
Art. 442 C. Local jurisdiction
Art. 443 Before the Adult Protection Authority
Art. 444 B. Verification of jurisdiction
Art. 445 C. Precautionary measures
Art. 446 D. Procedural principles
Art. 447 E. Hearing
Art. 448 F. Obligations to cooperate and administrative assistance
Art. 449 G. Assessment in an institution
Art. 449a H. Appointment of a representative
Art. 449b I. Inspection of files
Art. 449c J. Notification duty
Art. 450 Sub-section Two: Before the Appellate AuthorityA. Object and right of appeal
Art. 450a B. Grounds of appeal
Art. 450b C. Deadline for filing the appeal
Art. 450c D. Suspensive effect
Art. 450d E. Consultation with the lower instance and reconsideration
Art. 450e F. Special provisions in the case of care-related hospitalisation
Art. 450f Sub-Section Three: Joint Provision
Art. 450g Sub-Section Four: Enforcement
Art. 451 Relationship with Third parties and Duty of Cooperation
Art. 452 B. Effect of the measures on third parties
Art. 453 C. Duty of cooperation
Art. 454 Section Four: AccountabilityA. Principle
Art. 455 B. Prescription
Art. 456 C. Liability under agency law
Art. 457 I. Issue
Art. 458 II. Parental line
Art. 459 III. Grandparental line
Art. 460 IV. Scope of succession rights
Art. 461
Art. 462 B. Surviving spouses and registered partners
Art. 463464 C...
Art. 465
Art. 466 D. State authority
Art. 467 Title Fourteen: Testamentary DispositionsSection One: Testamentary CapacityA. Wills
Art. 468 B. Contract of succession
Art. 469 C. Voidable dispositions
Art. 470 Section Two: Testamentary FreedomA. Disposable partI. Scope of testamentary powers
Art. 471 II. Statutory entitlement
Art. 472 III. Loss of the right to claim the statutory entitlement in divorce proceedings
Art. 473 IV. Usufruct
Art. 474 V. Calculation of the disposable part1. Deduction of debts
Art. 475 2. Inter vivos gifts
Art. 476 3. Insurance and restricted retirement savings
Art. 477 B. DisinheritanceI. Grounds
Art. 478 II. Effect
Art. 479 III. Burden of proof
Art. 480 IV. Disinheritance of an insolvent person
Art. 481 Section Three: Types of DispositionA. In general
Art. 482 B. Burdens and conditions
Art. 483 C. Naming of heirs
Art. 484 D. LegacyI. Nature
Art. 485 II. Duty on the obligor of the legacy
Art. 486 III. Relationship to the estate
Art. 487 E. Substitution
Art. 488 F. RemaindermenI. Designation of a remainderman
Art. 489 II. Time of delivery
Art. 490 III. Security
Art. 491 IV. Legal status1. Of the provisional heir
Art. 492 2. Of the remainderman
Art. 492a V. Issue lacking capacity of judgement
Art. 493 G. Foundations
Art. 494 H. Contracts of successionI. Contracts naming heirs and making legacies
Art. 495 II. Renunciation of inheritance1. Significance
Art. 496 2. Void renunciation
Art. 497 3. Rights of the creditors of the estate
Art. 498 A. WillsI. Drawing up a will1. In general
Art. 499 2. By public deeda. Formal requirements
Art. 500 b. Role of the public official
Art. 501 c. Role of the witnesses
Art. 502 d. Drawing up a will without the testator reading and signing it
Art. 503 e. Persons involved
Art. 504 f. Safekeeping of wills
Art. 505 3. Holographic will
Art. 506 4. Oral willa. Dispositions
Art. 507 b. Conversion into deed
Art. 508 c. Loss of validity
Art. 509 II. Revocation and destruction1. Revocation
Art. 510 2. Destruction
Art. 511 3. Subsequent wills
Art. 512 B. Contracts of successionI. Execution
Art. 513 II. Revocation1. Inter vivosa. By contract and by will
Art. 514 b. By withdrawal from the contract
Art. 515 2. Predeceased heir
Art. 516 C. Restriction of testamentary freedom
Art. 517 Section Five: ExecutorsA. Appointment of executors
Art. 518 B. Function of an executor
Art. 519 A. Action for declaration of invalidityI. On grounds of lack of testamentary capacity, lack of free will, unlawfulness or immorality
Art. 520
Art. 520a 2. In holographic wills
Art. 521 III. Prescription
Art. 522 B. Action in abatementI. Requirements1. In general
Art. 523 2. Heirs with a statutory entitlement
Art. 524 3. Rights of creditors
Art. 525 II. Effect1. Of abatement in general
Art. 526 2. On specific legacies
Art. 527 3. On dispositions inter vivosa. Cases
Art. 528 b. Restitution
Art. 529 4. Insurance claims and restricted retirement savings
Art. 530 5. On usufruct and annuities
Art. 531 6. On naming of remaindermen
Art. 532 III. Order of abatement
Art. 533 IV. Prescription
Art. 534 Section Seven: Claims under Contracts of SuccessionA. Claims in respect of lifetime transfers
Art. 535 B. Hotchpot in the case of renunciation of inheritanceI. Abatement
Art. 536 II. Reimbursement
Art. 537 Division Two: SuccessionTitle Fifteen: Commencement of the Succession ProcessA. Requirements for the deceased
Art. 538
Art. 539 C. Requirements for the heirsI. Capacity1. Legal capacity
Art. 540 2. Unworthiness to inherita. Grounds
Art. 541 b. Effect on issue
Art. 542 II. Capacity to inherit on succession1. As heir
Art. 543 2. As legatee
Art. 544 3. Unborn child
Art. 545 4. Remaindermen
Art. 546 D. Presumption of deathI. Inheriting from persons presumed dead1. Devolution against security
Art. 547 2. Annulment of presumption of death and restitution
Art. 548 II. Succession rights of persons presumed dead
Art. 549 III. Correlation of the two cases
Art. 550 IV. Procedure ex officio
Art. 551 Title Sixteen: Effect of SuccessionChapter One: Measures to Safeguard SuccessionA. In general
Art. 552 B. Sealing the estate
Art. 553 C. Inventory
Art. 554 D. Estate administratorsI. In general
Art. 555 II. In the case of unknown heirs
Art. 556 E. Probate proceedingsI. Duty to submit the will
Art. 557 II. Reading the will
Art. 558 III. Notification of interested parties
Art. 559 IV. Release of the estate
Art. 560 Chapter Two: Vesting of the EstateA. VestingI. Heirs
Art. 561 II. ...
Art. 562 III. Legatees1. Vesting
Art. 563 2. Object
Art. 564 3. Relationship between creditors and legatees
Art. 565 4. Abatement
Art. 566 B. DisclaimerI. Declaration1. Right to renounce
Art. 567 2. Time limita. In general
Art. 568 b. In the case of an inventory
Art. 569 3. Passing of right to disclaim
Art. 570 4. Form
Art. 571 II. Forfeiture of right to disclaim
Art. 572 III. Disclaimer by one co-heir
Art. 573 IV. Disclaimer by all the nearest heirs1. In general
Art. 574 2. Entitlement of surviving spouse
Art. 575 3. Disclaimer in favour of subsequent heirs
Art. 576 V. Extension of time limit
Art. 577 VI. Disclaimer of a legacy
Art. 578 VII. Security for the heir’s creditors
Art. 579 VIII. Liability in the event of disclaimer
Art. 580 Chapter Three: Public InventoryA. Requirements
Art. 581 B. ProcedureI. Inventory
Art. 582 II. Formal call to account
Art. 583 III. Inclusion ex officio
Art. 584 IV. Result
Art. 585 C. Situation of the heirs during the inventoryI. Administration
Art. 586 II. Debt enforcement, litigation, prescription
Art. 587 D. EffectI. Time limit for declaration of intention
Art. 588 II. Declaration of intention
Art. 589 III. Effects of acceptance subject to public inventory1. Liability as per inventory
Art. 590 2. Liability beyond the inventory
Art. 591 E. Liability for debts subject to a surety
Art. 592 F. Acquisition by a state authority
Art. 593 Chapter Four: Official LiquidationA. RequirementsI. At the request of an heir
Art. 594 II. At the request of the deceased’s creditors
Art. 595 B. ProcedureI. Administration
Art. 596 II. Ordinaryliquidation
Art. 597 III. Liquidation by the bankruptcy office
Art. 598 Chapter Five: Action for Recovery of InheritanceA. Requirements
Art. 599 B. Effect
Art. 600 C. Prescription
Art. 601 D. Action by a legatee
Art. 602 Chapter One: Community of Heirs prior to DivisionA. Effect of successionI. Community of heirs
Art. 603 II. Liability of the heirs
Art. 604 B. Right to division
Art. 605 C. Deferral of division
Art. 606 D. Claims of household members
Art. 607 Chapter Two: Method of DivisionA. In general
Art. 608 B. Instructions concerning the divisionI. Testamentary disposition
Art. 609 II. Assistance from the authorities
Art. 610 C. Performing the divisionI. Equal rights of heirs
Art. 611 II. Formation of lots
Art. 612 III. Allocation and sale of specific objects
Art. 612a IV. Allocation of the home and household effects to the surviving spouse
Art. 613 D. Special itemsI. Items that belong together, family documents
Art. 613a I.bis Agricultural inventory
Art. 614 II. Claims of the deceased against his or her heirs
Art. 615 III. Pledged estate property
Art. 616
Art. 617 IV. Land1. Method of allocationa. Imputed value
Art. 618 b. Valuation procedure
Art. 619 V. Agricultural businesses and land
Art. 620625
Art. 626 Chapter Three: HotchpotA. Hotchpot duty of the heirs
Art. 627 B. Hotchpot if heirs cease to be heirs
Art. 628 C. Calculation methodI. In kind or by imputation of value
Art. 629 II. Correlation with share of the estate
Art. 630 III. Hotchpot value
Art. 631 D. Education costs
Art. 632 E. Occasional gifts
Art. 633
Art. 634 Chapter Four: Completion and Effect of DivisionA. AgreementI. Contract of division
Art. 635 II. Contracts regarding shares of the estate
Art. 636 III. Contracts prior to succession
Art. 637 B. Liability among co-heirsI. Warranty
Art. 638 II. Challenging the division
Art. 639 C. Liability toward third partiesI. Joint and several liability
Art. 640 II. Recourse against co-heirs
Art. 641
Art. 641a II. Animals
Art. 642 B. Scope of ownershipI. Constituent parts
Art. 643 II. Natural fruits
Art. 644 III. Accessories1. Definition
Art. 645 2. Exclusions
Art. 646 C. Collective ownershipI. Co-ownership1. Relationship among co-owners
Art. 647 2. Use and administration rules
Art. 647a 3. Ordinary administration
Art. 647b 4. Major administrative acts
Art. 647c 5. Construction worka. Necessary work
Art. 647d b. Useful work
Art. 647e c. Works to improve appearance or convenience
Art. 648 6. Power of disposal over the object
Art. 649 7. Costs and expenses
Art. 649a
Art. 649b 9. Exclusion from collective ownershipa. Co-owners
Art. 649c b. Further entitled persons
Art. 650 10. Dissolutiona. Right to request division
Art. 651 b. Form of partition
Art. 651a c. Animals kept as pets
Art. 652 II. Joint ownership1. Prerequisites
Art. 653 2. Effect
Art. 654 3. Dissolution
Art. 654a III. Joint ownership of agricultural enterprises and land
Art. 655
Art. 655a II. Dependent property
Art. 656 B. AcquisitionI. Registration
Art. 657 II. Types of acquisition1. Transfer
Art. 658 2. Appropriation
Art. 659 3. Formation of new land
Art. 660
Art. 660a b. Constant ground displacement
Art. 660b c. Redrawing of boundaries
Art. 661 5. Adverse possessiona. Ordinary adverse possession
Art. 662 b. Extraordinary adverse possession
Art. 663 c. Time limits
Art. 664 6. Ownerless and public objects
Art. 665 III. Right to registration
Art. 666 C. Loss
Art. 666a D. Judicial measuresI. Where the owner cannot be found
Art. 666b II. In the absence of the required management bodies
Art. 667 Substance and Limitation of Land Ownership
Art. 668 II. Boundaries1. Type of boundary
Art. 669 2. Duty to establish boundaries
Art. 670 3. Co-ownership of boundary markers
Art. 671 1. Land and building materialsa. Ownership
Art. 672 b. Compensation
Art. 673 c. Assignment of land ownership
Art. 674 2. Encroaching buildings
Art. 675 3. Building right
Art. 676 4. Pipes, cables, conduits
Art. 677 5. Movable structures
Art. 678 IV. Plants grown on the parcel of land
Art. 679
Art. 679a 2. Lawful management of the land
Art. 680 B. LimitationsI. In general
Art. 681 II. Restrictions on alienation; statutory right of pre-emption1. General principles
Art. 681a 2. Exercise
Art. 681b 3. Modification, waiver
Art. 682
Art. 682a 5. Right of pre-emption of farms and farmland
Art. 683
Art. 684
Art. 685 2. Excavation and constructiona. Rule
Art. 686 b. Cantonal regulations
Art. 687 3. Plantsa. Rule
Art. 688 b. Cantonal regulations
Art. 689 4. Flowing waters
Art. 690 5. Drainage
Art. 691 6. Pipes, cables, conduitsa. Duty to permit
Art. 692 b. Safeguarding the interests of the servient landowner
Art. 693 c. Change of circumstances
Art. 694 7. Rights of waya. Necessary right of way
Art. 695 b. Other rights of way
Art. 696 c. Notation in the land register
Art. 697 8. Enclosure
Art. 698 9. Duty to maintain
Art. 699 IV. Right of access and to ward off danger1. Access
Art. 700 2. Retrieval of driftage and the like
Art. 701 3. Trespass to ward off danger or damage
Art. 702 V. Public law restrictions on ownership1. In general
Art. 703 2. Land improvements
Art. 704 C. Rights to springs and wellsI. Spring ownership and spring rights
Art. 705 II. Diversion of springs
Art. 706 III. Cutting off springs1. Damages
Art. 707 2. Restoration
Art. 708 IV. Community of spring owners
Art. 709 V. Use of springs
Art. 710 VI. Right to use an essential water source
Art. 711 VII. Duty to cede1. Water sources
Art. 712 2. Land
Art. 712a A. Definition and objectI. Definition
Art. 712b II. Object
Art. 712c III. Power of disposal
Art. 712d B. Creation and extinctionI. Deed of constitution
Art. 712e
Art. 712f III. Extinction
Art. 712g C. Administration and useI. Applicable provisions
Art. 712h II. Communal charges and costs1. Definition and distribution
Art. 712i 2. Liability for cost contributionsa. Statutory lien
Art. 712k b. Special lien
Art. 712l III. Community’s capacity to act
Art. 712m D. OrganisationI. Assembly of condominium owners1. Competence and legal status
Art. 712n 2. Convening and chairing meetings
Art. 712o 3. Voting rights
Art. 712p 4. Quorum
Art. 712q II. Administrator1. Appointment
Art. 712r 2. Removal
Art. 712s 3. Dutiesa. Implementation of provisions and resolutions concerning administration and use
Art. 712t b. External representation
Art. 713 Title Twenty: Chattel OwnershipA. Object
Art. 714 B. Forms of acquisitionI. Transfer1. Delivery of possession
Art. 715 2. Reservation of ownershipa. In general
Art. 716 b. Transactions involving payment by instalments
Art. 717 3. Acquisition without possession
Art. 718 II. Appropriation1. Ownerless chattels
Art. 719 2. Escaped animals
Art. 720
Art. 720a b. Animals
Art. 721 2. Safekeeping and auction
Art. 722 3. Acquisition of ownership, return
Art. 723 4. Treasure trove
Art. 724 5. Objects of scientific value
Art. 725 IV. Driftage
Art. 726 V. Processing
Art. 727 VI. Joining and mixing chattels
Art. 728 VII. Adverse possession
Art. 729 C. Loss
Art. 730 Title Twenty-One: Easements and Real BurdensChapter One: EasementsA. Object
Art. 731 B. Creation and extinctionI. Creation1. Registration
Art. 732 2. Legal transaction
Art. 733 3. Creation in favour of own property
Art. 734 II. Extinction1. In general
Art. 735 2. Amalgamation
Art. 736 3. By court order
Art. 737 C. NatureI. Scope1. In general
Art. 738 2. As defined by land register entry
Art. 739 3. If needs change
Art. 740 4. Cantonal law and local custom
Art. 740a 5. In the case of two or more beneficiaries
Art. 741 II. Duty of maintenance
Art. 742
Art. 743 IV. Partition of a property
Art. 744
Art. 745 Chapter Two: Usufruct and other Personal ServitudesA. UsufructI. Object
Art. 746 II. Establishment1. In general
Art. 747 2. ...
Art. 748 III. Extinction1. Grounds
Art. 749 2. Duration
Art. 750 3. Replacement on extinction of usufruct
Art. 751 4. Returna. Duty
Art. 752 b. Liability
Art. 753 c. Costs
Art. 754 5. Prescription of compensation rights
Art. 755 IV. Scope1. Rights of the usufructuarya. In general
Art. 756 b. Natural fruits
Art. 757 c. Interest
Art. 758 d. Assignability
Art. 759 2. Rights of the ownera. Supervision
Art. 760 b. Security
Art. 761 c. Security in the case of gifts and statutory usufruct
Art. 762 d. Consequence of failure to provide security
Art. 763 3. Inventory
Art. 764 4. Costsa. Preservation of the object
Art. 765 b. Maintenance and administration
Art. 766 c. Duty to pay interest on usufruct of assets
Art. 767 d. Insurance
Art. 768 V. Special cases1. Landa. Fruits
Art. 769 b. Use
Art. 770 c. Woodland
Art. 771 d. Mines
Art. 772 2. Consumables and valued chattels
Art. 773 3. Claimsa. Scope
Art. 774 b. Repayments and reinvestment
Art. 775 c. Right to assignment
Art. 776 B. Right of residenceI. In general
Art. 777 II. Rights of the usufructuary
Art. 778 III. Maintenance costs
Art. 779
Art. 779a II. Legal transaction
Art. 779b
Art. 779c IV. Consequences of expiry1. Reversion
Art. 779d 2. Compensation
Art. 779e
Art. 779f V. Premature reversion1. Prerequisites
Art. 779g 2. Exercising the right of reversion
Art. 779h 3. Other applicable cases
Art. 779i VI. Liability for remuneration for the right1. Right to establish a lien
Art. 779k 2. Registration
Art. 779l VII. Maximum duration
Art. 780 D. Right of access to water sources
Art. 781 E. Other servitudes
Art. 781a F. Judicial measures
Art. 782 Chapter Three: Real BurdensA. Object
Art. 783 B. Establishment and extinctionI. Establishment1. Registration and form of acquisition
Art. 784 2. Public law real burdens
Art. 785
Art. 786 II. Extinction1. In general
Art. 787 2. Redemptiona. By the creditor
Art. 788 b. By the debtor
Art. 789 c. Redemption sum
Art. 790 3. Prescription
Art. 791 C. ScopeI. Creditor’s rights
Art. 792 II. Debt liability
Art. 793 Chapter One: General ProvisionsA. RequirementsI. Types
Art. 794 II. Form of the debt1. Amount
Art. 795 2. Interest
Art. 796 III. Immovable property1. Property subject to a charge
Art. 797 2. Specificationa. In the case of a single property
Art. 798 b. In the case of more than one property
Art. 798a 3. Agricultural properties
Art. 799 B. Creation and extinctionI. Creation1. Registration
Art. 800 2. In the case of joint ownership
Art. 801 II. Extinction
Art. 802 III. Charges on consolidated land1. Transfer of liens
Art. 803 2. Redemption by the debtor
Art. 804 3. Monetary compensation
Art. 805 C. EffectI. Extent of security
Art. 806 II. Rent
Art. 807 III. Prescription
Art. 808 1. In the event of a reduction in valuea. Court order and action by the creditor
Art. 809 b. Security, restoration, redemption
Art. 810 2. Depreciation without owner’s fault
Art. 811 3. Disposal of minor portions of the property
Art. 812 V. Further encumbrances
Art. 813 VI. Rank1. Effect of rank
Art. 814 2. Ranking
Art. 815 3. Vacant ranks
Art. 816 VII. Foreclosure1. Mode
Art. 817 2. Distribution of the proceeds
Art. 818 3. Extent of security
Art. 819 4. Security for maintenance costs
Art. 820 VIII. Lien in the case of land improvements1. Precedence
Art. 821 2. Extinction of debt and lien
Art. 822 IX. Entitlement to insurers’ payments
Art. 823 X. Untraceable creditor
Art. 824 Chapter Two: The Mortgage ContractA. Purpose and nature
Art. 825 B. Establishment and extinctionI. Establishment
Art. 826 II. Extinction1. Right to have entry deleted
Art. 827 2. Position of owner
Art. 828 3. Unilateral redemptiona. Conditions and procedure
Art. 829 b. Public auction
Art. 830 c. Official valuation
Art. 831 4. Termination
Art. 832 C. EffectI. Ownership and liability1. Alienation
Art. 833
Art. 834 3. Notice of assumption of debt
Art. 835 II. Assignment of a debt
Art. 836 D. Statutory mortgage rightI. Under cantonal law
Art. 837 II. With entry1. Cases in point
Art. 838 2. Vendor, coheirs and coowners
Art. 839 3. Tradesmen and building contractorsa. Registration
Art. 840 b. Rank
Art. 841 c. Privileged claim
Art. 842 A. Mortgage certificateI. Purpose; Relationship with the debt arising from the basic relationship
Art. 843 II. Form
Art. 844 III. Position of owner
Art. 845 IV. Sale. Division
Art. 846 V. Mortgage certificate debt and ancillary agreements1. In general
Art. 847 2. Notice
Art. 848 VI. Protection of persons acting in good faith
Art. 849 VII. Objections by the debtor
Art. 850 VIII. Authorised person
Art. 851 IX. Place of payment
Art. 852 X. Changes in the legal relationship
Art. 853 XI. Discharge
Art. 854 XII. Extinction1. In the absence of a creditor
Art. 855 2. Deletion
Art. 856 XIII. Public call to creditors
Art. 857 B. Register mortgage certificateI. Establishment
Art. 858 II. Transfer
Art. 859 III. Pledging, distraint and usufruct
Art. 860 C. Mortgage certificate on paperI. Creation1. Registration
Art. 861 2. Document of title
Art. 862 II. Protection of persons acting in good faith
Art. 863 III. Creditor's rights1. Claims
Art. 864 2. Assignment
Art. 865 IV. Cancellation
Art. 866874
Art. 875 Chapter Four: Issue of Bonds secured by a Mortgage RightA. Bond issues secured by a lien
Art. 876883
Art. 884 A. PledgesI. Establishment1. Possession by pledgee
Art. 885 2. Pledge of livestock
Art. 886 3. Subordinate pledge
Art. 887 4. Further pledge by pledgee
Art. 888 II. Extinction1. Loss of possession
Art. 889 2. Return
Art. 890 3. Liability of the pledgee
Art. 891 III. Effect1. Rights of the pledgee
Art. 892 2. Scope of the general lien
Art. 893 3. Rank
Art. 894 4. Default agreements
Art. 895 B. Special lienI. Requirements
Art. 896 II. Exceptions
Art. 897 III. In the event of insolvency
Art. 898 IV. Effect
Art. 899 Chapter Two: Liens on Debts and Other RightsA. In general
Art. 900 B. EstablishmentI. In the case of ordinary claims
Art. 901 II. In the case of securities
Art. 902 III. In the case of documents of title to goods
Art. 903 IV. Subordinate pledge
Art. 904 C. EffectI. Extent of security
Art. 905
Art. 906 III. Administration and payment
Art. 907 Chapter Three: PawnbrokingA. PawnbrokersI. Licensing
Art. 908 II. Duration of licence
Art. 909 B. PawningI. Establishment
Art. 910 II. Effect1. Sale of pawned chattel
Art. 911 2. Right to surplus
Art. 912 III. Redemption of the pawned chattel1. Right of redemption
Art. 913 2. Pawnbroker’s rights
Art. 914 C. Purchase with right of repurchase
Art. 915 D. Rules governing pawnbroking
Art. 916918 Chapter Four: ...
Art. 919 Title Twenty-Four: PossessionA. Definition and typesI. Definition
Art. 920 II. Direct and derivative possession
Art. 921 III. Temporary interruption
Art. 922 B. TransferI. Among parties present in person
Art. 923 II. Among absent persons
Art. 924 III. Without physical transfer
Art. 925 IV. In the case of documents of title to goods
Art. 926 C. Legal remediesI. Protection of possession1. Defence against interference
Art. 927 2. Action for restitution
Art. 928 3. Action for trespass
Art. 929 4. Admissibility and prescription
Art. 930 II. Remedies1. Presumption of ownership
Art. 931 2. Presumption of indirect ownership
Art. 932 3. Action against the possessor
Art. 933 4. Power of disposal and right of restitutiona. Entrusted objects
Art. 934 b. Stolen or lost chattels
Art. 935 c. Cash and bearer securities
Art. 936 d. Bad faith
Art. 937 5. Presumption of title to land
Art. 938 III. Liability1. Possessor in good faitha. Use
Art. 939 b. Indemnity
Art. 940 2. Possession in bad faith
Art. 941 IV. Adverse possession
Art. 942 A. OrganisationI. Constituent parts1. In general
Art. 943 2. Registered dataa. Object
Art. 944 b. Exceptions
Art. 945 3. Registersa. Main Register
Art. 946 b. Folio
Art. 947 c. Joint folio
Art. 948 d. Journal, supporting documents
Art. 949
Art. 949a b. For electronic registers
Art. 949b 4a. Personal identifier in the land register
Art. 949c 4b. National immovable property search
Art. 949d 4c. Commissioning private individuals to use the electronic version of the land register
Art. 950 5. Official cadastral survey
Art. 951 II. Keeping the register1. Districtsa. Allocation to districts
Art. 952 b. Land straddling more than one district
Art. 953 2. Land register offices
Art. 954 3. Fees
Art. 955
Art. 956 IV. Administrative supervision
Art. 956a V. Legal protection1. Right of appeal
Art. 956b 2. Appeal proceedings
Art. 957
Art. 958 B. RegistrationI. Land register entries1. Ownership and rights in rem
Art. 959 2. Priority noticesa. Personal rights
Art. 960 b. Restrictions on powers of disposal
Art. 961 c. Provisional entries
Art. 961a d. Entry of subordinate rights
Art. 962 II. Noting1. Restrictions under public law
Art. 962a 2. Of representatives
Art. 963 III. Requirements for entry1. Applicationsa. For an entry
Art. 964 b. For a deletion
Art. 965 2. Authoritya. Valid proof of authority
Art. 966 b. Completion of application
Art. 967 IV. Manner of entry1. In general
Art. 968 2. For easements
Art. 969 V. Duty to notify
Art. 970 C. Public nature of land registerI. Information and right of consultation
Art. 970a II. Publication
Art. 971 D. EffectI. Need for an entry
Art. 972 II. Effect of entry1. In general
Art. 973 2. In relation to third parties acting in good faith
Art. 974 3. In relation to third parties acting in bad faith
Art. 974a E. Deletion and amendment of entriesI. Revision1. On the division of property
Art. 974b 2. In the case of the consolidation of parcels of land
Art. 975
Art. 976 III. Simplified deletion1. Clearly insignificant entries
Art. 976a 2. Other entriesa. In general
Art. 976b b. On objection
Art. 976c 3. Public revision procedure
Art. 977
Art. 1 A. General provisionsI. General rule of non-retroactive effect
Art. 2 II. Retroactive effect1. Public policy and good morals
Art. 3 2. Relationships defined by law
Art. 4 3. Non-vested rights
Art. 5 B. Law of personsI. Capacity to act
Art. 6 II. Presumed death
Art. 6a IIa. Central civil register database
Art. 6b
Art. 6bbis 1a. Associations that must be entered in the commercial register
Art. 6c 2. Accounting and auditors
Art. 6d IV. Protection of the individual against violence, threats or stalking
Art. 7 C. Family lawI. Marriage
Art. 7a Ibis. Divorce1. Principle
Art. 7b 2. Pending divorce proceedings
Art. 7c 3. Period of separation for pending divorce proceedings
Art. 7d 4. Occupational pension
Art. 7e 5. Conversion of existing pensions
Art. 8 Iter. Effects the marriage in general1. Principle
Art. 8a 2. Surname
Art. 8b 3. Citizenship
Art. 9
Art. 9a 1. In general
Art. 9b 2. Change from a union of property to participation in acquired propertya. Change to the bodies of assets
Art. 9c b. Preferential right
Art. 9d c. Division of marital property under the new law
Art. 9e 3. Retention of the union of property regime
Art. 9f 4. Retention of separation of property by operation of law or by court order
Art. 9g 18 December 2020
Art. 10 5. Marital agreementa. In general
Art. 10a b. Legal effect in relation to third parties
Art. 10b c. Application of the new law
Art. 10c d. Contractual separation of property according to previous law
Art. 10d e. Marital agreements concluded with a view to the new law coming into force
Art. 10e f. Register of marital property
Art. 11 6. Repayment of debts in the case of separation of assets under the law of marital property
Art. 11a 7. Protection of creditors
Art. 12 III. The parent-child relationship in general
Art. 12a IIIbis. Adoption1. Continuation of the previous law
Art. 12b 2. Pending proceedings
Art. 12c 3. Application of the new law
Art. 12cbis
Art. 12d IIIter. Contesting a declaration of legitimacy
Art. 13 IV. Paternity actions1. Pending actions
Art. 13a 2. New actions
Art. 13b IVbis. Time limit for declaring or challenging the parent-child relationship
Art. 13c 1. Existing maintenance titles2. Pending proceedings
Art. 13d IVquater. Name of the child
Art. 14 V. Adult protection1. Existing measures
Art. 14a 2. Pending proceedings
Art. 15 D. Succession lawI. Heirs and succession
Art. 16 II. Testamentary dispositions
Art. 17 E. Property lawI. Rights in rem in general
Art. 18 II. Right to entry in the land register
Art. 19 III. Adverse possession
Art. 20 IV. Special rights of ownership1. Trees on another person's land
Art. 20bis 2. Condominiuma. Original
Art. 20ter b. Converted
Art. 20quater c. Correction of the land registers
Art. 21 V. Easements
Art. 22 VI. Mortgage rights1. Recognition of the existing document of title
Art. 23 2. Creation of liens
Art. 24 3. Repayment of securities
Art. 25 4. Extent of liability under the lien
Art. 26 5. Rights and obligations from the mortgagea. In general
Art. 27 b. Rights to security
Art. 28 c. Termination, transfer
Art. 29 6. Ranking
Art. 30 7. Ranking positions
Art. 31 8. ...
Art. 33 9. Equal status of previous forms of lien with those under the new law
Art. 33a 10. Continued application of previous law to existing forms of lien
Art. 33b 11. Conversion the form of the mortgage certificate
Art. 34 VII. Charges on chattels1. Provisions on form
Art. 35 2. Effect
Art. 36 VIII. Special lien
Art. 37 IX. Possession
Art. 38 X. Land register1. Establishment of the land register
Art. 39 2. Official cadastral surveya. ...
Art. 40 b. Relation to the land register
Art. 41 c. Time schedule
Art. 42
Art. 43 3. Registration of rights in rema. Procedure
Art. 44 b. Consequences of non-registration
Art. 45 4. Abolished rights
Art. 46 5. Postponement in the introduction of the land register
Art. 47 6. Introduction of the property law before the land register
Art. 48 7. Effect of cantonal forms
Art. 49 F. Prescription
Art. 50 G. Forms of contract
Art. 51 Chapter Two: Introductory and Transitional ProvisionsA. Repeal of cantonal civil law
Art. 52 B. Supplementary cantonal provisionsI. Rights and duties of the cantons
Art. 53 II. Substitute ordinances
Art. 54 C. Designation of competent authorities
Art. 55
Art. 55a II. Electronic copies and legalisations
Art. 56 E. Allocation of water rights
Art. 57 F.–H. ...
Art. 58 J. Debt enforcement and bankruptcy
Art. 59 K. Application of Swiss and foreign law
Art. 60 L. Repeal of federal civil law
Art. 61 M. Final Provision
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