Federal Act on the Amendment of the Swiss Civil Code (OR) in english

Federal Act on the Amendment of the Swiss Civil Code - 2022

Art. 1 - A. Conclusion of the contract
Art. 2 - Secondary terms
Art. 3 - II. Offer and acceptance
Art. 4 - Offer without time limit
Art. 5 - b. In the parties’ absence
Art. 6 - Implied acceptance
Art. 6 - a. Unsolicited goods
Art. 7 - Non-binding offer, announcement of prices, display
Art. 8 - Publicly promised remuneration
Art. 9 - Withdrawal of offer and acceptance
Art. 10 - III. Entry into effect of a contract concluded in the parties’ absence
Art. 11 - B. Form of contracts
Art. 12 - II. Written form
Art. 13 - b. Effect
Art. 14 - c. Signature
Art. 15 - d. Mark in lieu of signature
Art. 16 - Form stipulated by contract
Art. 17 - C. Cause of obligation
Art. 18 - D. Interpretation of contracts, simulation
Art. 19 - E. Terms of the contract
Art. 20 - II. Nullity
Art. 21 - III. Unfair advantage
Art. 22 - IV. Agreement to conclude a contract
Art. 23 - F. Defect in consent
Art. 24 - Cases of mistake
Art. 25 - Invoking error contrary to good faith
Art. 26 - Error by negligence
Art. 27 - Incorrect intermediation
Art. 28 - II. Fraud
Art. 29 - III. Duress
Art. 30 - Definition of duress
Art. 31 - IV. Defect of consent negated by ratification of the contract
Art. 32 - G. Agency
Art. 33 - b. Scope of authority
Art. 34 - Authority arising from a transaction
Art. 35 - b. Effect of death, incapacity, etc
Art. 36 - c. Return of the instrument conferring authority
Art. 37 - d. Time from which end of authority takes effect
Art. 38 - II. Without authority
Art. 39 - Failure to ratify
Art. 40 - III. Reservation of special provisions
Art. 40 - H. Revocation in door-to-door sales and similar contracts
Art. 40 - II. General principle
Art. 40 - III. Exceptions
Art. 40 - IV. Duty to inform
Art. 40 - V. Revocation
Art. 40 - Consequences
Art. 40 - 1 Inserted by No I of the FA of 5 Oct. 1990 (AS 1991 846; BBl [...]
Art. 41 - A. General principles
Art. 42 - II. Determining the damage
Art. 43 - III. Determining compensation
Art. 44 - IV. Grounds for reducing compensation
Art. 45 - V. Special cases
Art. 46 - b. Damages for personal injury
Art. 47 - c. Satisfaction
Art. 48 - ..
Art. 49 - Injury to personality rights
Art. 50 - VI. Multiple liable parties
Art. 51 - On different legal grounds
Art. 52 - VII. Self-defence, necessity, legitimate use of force
Art. 53 - VIII. Relationship with criminal law
Art. 54 - B. Liability of persons lacking capacity to consent
Art. 55 - C. Liability of employers
Art. 56 - D. Liability for animals
Art. 57 - II. Seizure of animals
Art. 58 - E. Liability of property owners
Art. 59 - II. Safety measures
Art. 59 - F. Liability in respect of cryptographic keys
Art. 60 - G. Prescription1
Art. 61 - H. Liability of civil servants and public officials1
Art. 62 - A. Requirement
Art. 63 - II. Payment in satisfaction of a non-existent obligation
Art. 64 - B. Scope of restitution
Art. 65 - II. Rights in respect of expenditures
Art. 66 - C. Exclusion of restitution
Art. 67 - D. Prescription
Art. 68 - A. General principles
Art. 69 - II. Object of performance
Art. 70 - Indivisible performance
Art. 71 - Debt of generic object
Art. 72 - Obligations involving choice of performance
Art. 73 - Interest
Art. 74 - B. Place of performance
Art. 75 - C. Time of performance
Art. 76 - II. Obligations subject to time limit
Art. 77 - Other time limits
Art. 78 - Sundays and public holidays
Art. 79 - III. Performance during business hours
Art. 80 - IV. Extension of the time limit
Art. 81 - V. Early performance
Art. 82 - VI. In bilateral contracts
Art. 83 - Allowance for unilateral insolvency
Art. 84 - D. Payment
Art. 85 - II. Allocation
Art. 86 - In the case of multiple debts
Art. 87 - b. By law
Art. 88 - III. Receipt and return of borrower’s note
Art. 89 - Effect
Art. 90 - Return of borrower’s note not possible
Art. 91 - E. Default of obligee
Art. 92 - II. Effect
Art. 93 - b. Right to sell
Art. 94 - c. Right to take back the object
Art. 95 - On other obligations
Art. 96 - F. Performance prevented for other reasons
Art. 97 - A. Failure to perform
Art. 98 - Obligation to act or refrain from action
Art. 99 - II. Scope of liability and compensation
Art. 100 - Exclusion of liability
Art. 101 - Liability for associates
Art. 102 - B. Default of obligor
Art. 103 - II. Effect
Art. 104 - Default interest
Art. 105 - b. Debtor in default on payments of interest, annuities and gifts
Art. 106 - Excess damage
Art. 107 - Withdrawal and damages
Art. 108 - b. Without time limit
Art. 109 - c. Effect of withdrawal
Art. 110 - A. Subrogation
Art. 111 - B. Guarantee of performance by third party
Art. 112 - C. Contracts conferring rights on third parties
Art. 113 - II. In the case of liability insurance
Art. 114 - A. Extinction of accessory rights
Art. 115 - B. Extinction by agreement
Art. 116 - C. Novation
Art. 117 - II. In relation to current accounts
Art. 118 - D. Merger
Art. 119 - E. Performance becomes impossible
Art. 120 - F. Set-off
Art. 121 - Under surety
Art. 122 - In contracts conferring rights on third parties
Art. 123 - Where the debtor is bankrupt
Art. 124 - II. Effect of set—off
Art. 125 - III. Exceptions
Art. 126 - IV. Waiver
Art. 127 - G. Prescription
Art. 128 - Five years
Art. 128 - a. Twenty years
Art. 129 - Mandatory prescriptive periods
Art. 130 - Start of prescriptive period
Art. 131 - b. For periodic obligations
Art. 132 - Computation of prescriptive periods
Art. 133 - II. Effect on accessory claims
Art. 134 - III. Prevention and suspension of the prescriptive period
Art. 135 - IV. Interruption of prescriptive period
Art. 136 - Effect of interruption on co-obligors
Art. 137 - Start of new prescriptive period
Art. 138 - b. By action of the creditor
Art. 139 - V. Prescription of the right of recourse
Art. 140 - VI. Prescription of a charge on chattels
Art. 141 - VII. Waiver of the prescription defence 1
Art. 142 - VIII. Application
Art. 143 - A. Joint and several debtors
Art. 144 - II. Relationship between creditor and debtor
Art. 145 - b. Objections by the debtors
Art. 146 - c. Action taken by individual debtors
Art. 147 - Extinction of the joint and several obligation
Art. 148 - III. Relationship between joint and several debtors
Art. 149 - Subrogation
Art. 150 - B. Joint and several creditors
Art. 151 - A. Condition precedent
Art. 152 - II. Before the condition occurs
Art. 153 - III. Benefits enjoyed in the interim
Art. 154 - B. Condition subsequent
Art. 155 - C. Joint provisions
Art. 156 - II. Prevention in bad faith
Art. 157 - III. Inadmissible conditions
Art. 158 - A. Earnest and forfeit money
Art. 159 - B. ..
Art. 160 - C. Contractual penalty
Art. 161 - Relation between penalty and damage
Art. 162 - Forfeiture of part payments
Art. 163 - II. Amount, nullity and reduction of the penalty
Art. 164 - A. Assignment of claims
Art. 165 - b. Form of the contract
Art. 166 - Assignment by law or court order
Art. 167 - II. Effect of assignment
Art. 168 - b. Refusal of payment and deposit
Art. 169 - c. Objections raised by the debtor
Art. 170 - Transfer of preferential and accessory rights, documents and evidence
Art. 171 - Warranty
Art. 172 - b. In the case of assignment by way of satisfaction
Art. 173 - c. Scope of liability
Art. 174 - III. Special provisions
Art. 175 - B. Assumption of debt
Art. 176 - II. Contract between debt acquirer and creditor
Art. 177 - Lapse of offer
Art. 178 - III. Effect of change of debtor
Art. 179 - Objections
Art. 180 - IV. Failure of debt assumption contract
Art. 181 - V. Assignment of assets or a business with assets and liabilities
Art. 182 - VI. ..
Art. 183 - VII. In relation to division of estate and land purchase
Art. 184 - A. Rights and obligations of the parties in general
Art. 185 - B. Benefits and risks
Art. 186 - C. Reservation of cantonal law
Art. 187 - A. Object
Art. 188 - B. Seller’s obligations
Art. 189 - Transport costs
Art. 190 - Delivery default
Art. 191 - b. Liability for and computation of damages
Art. 192 - II. Warranty of title
Art. 193 - Procedure
Art. 194 - b. Surrender of object without court decision
Art. 195 - Rights of the buyer
Art. 196 - b. Partial dispossession
Art. 196 - c. Objects of cultural heritage
Art. 197 - III. Warranty of quality and fitness
Art. 198 - b. In livestock trading
Art. 199 - Exclusion of warranty
Art. 200 - Defects known to the buyer
Art. 201 - Notice of defects
Art. 202 - b. In livestock trading
Art. 203 - Intentional deceit
Art. 204 - Remote sale and purchase
Art. 205 - Types of action
Art. 206 - b. Substitute performance
Art. 207 - c. Rescission when the object is destroyed
Art. 208 - Rescission of the contract of sale
Art. 209 - b. For sales of batches or sets of objects
Art. 210 - Prescription
Art. 211 - C. Obligations of the buyer
Art. 212 - II. Fixing the price
Art. 213 - III. Time when price falls due, interest
Art. 214 - IV. Buyer in default
Art. 215 - Liability for and computation of damages
Art. 216 - A. Formal requirements
Art. 216 - Abis. Duration and priority notice
Art. 216 - Ater. Inheritance and assignment
Art. 216 - Aquater. Rights of pre-emption
Art. 216 - II. Effect of pre-emption, conditions
Art. 216 - III. Exercise, forfeiture
Art. 217 - B. Conditional purchase and reservation of ownership
Art. 218 - C. Agricultural properties
Art. 219 - D. Warranty
Art. 220 - E. Benefits and risks
Art. 221 - F. Reference to chattel sale
Art. 222 - A. Sale by sample
Art. 223 - B. Sale on approval or inspection
Art. 224 - II. Inspection on the seller’s premises
Art. 225 - III. Inspection on the buyer’s premises
Art. 226 - 1 Repealed by No I of the FA of 23 March 1962, with effect from 1 Jan 1963 (AS [...]
Art. 226 - C. ..
Art. 226 - 1 Inserted by No I of the FA of 23 March 1962 (AS 1962 1047; BBl [...]
Art. 226 - 1 Inserted by No I of the FA of 23 March 1962 (AS 1962 1047; BBl [...]
Art. 226 - 1 Inserted by No I of the FA of 23 March 1962 (AS 1962 1047; BBl [...]
Art. 226 - 1 Inserted by No I of the FA of 23 March 1962 (AS 1962 1047; BBl [...]
Art. 227 - 1 Repealed by No I of the FA of 23 March 1962, with effect from 1 Jan 1963 (AS [...]
Art. 227 - 1 Inserted by No I of the FA of 23 March 1962 (AS 1962 1047; BBl [...]
Art. 228 - 1 Repealed by No I of the FA of 13 Dec 2013 (Repeal of the Provisions on Advance [...]
Art. 229 - D. Auctions
Art. 230 - II. Avoidance
Art. 231 - III. Binding nature of bids at auction
Art. 232 - Immovable property
Art. 233 - IV. Cash payment
Art. 234 - V. Warranty
Art. 235 - VI. Transfer of ownership
Art. 236 - VII. Cantonal provisions
Art. 237 - A. Reference to provisions governing purchase
Art. 238 - B. Warranty
Art. 239 - A. Definition
Art. 240 - B. Personal capacity
Art. 241 - II. Of the recipient
Art. 242 - C. Establishing the gift
Art. 243 - II. Promise of a gift
Art. 244 - III. Effect of acceptance
Art. 245 - D. Conditions and provisos
Art. 246 - II. Fulfilment of provisos
Art. 247 - III. Reversion clause
Art. 248 - E. Liability of the donor
Art. 249 - F. Annulment of gifts
Art. 250 - II. Revocation and invalidation of a promise to give
Art. 251 - III. Prescription and heirs’ right of action
Art. 252 - IV. Death of the donor
Art. 253 - A. Definition and scope of application
Art. 253 - II. Scope of application
Art. 253 - Provisions on protection against unfair rents
Art. 254 - B. Tie-in transactions
Art. 255 - C. Duration
Art. 256 - D. Obligations of the landlord
Art. 256 - II. Duty of disclosure
Art. 256 - III. Charges and taxes
Art. 257 - E. Obligations of the tenant or lessee
Art. 257 - Accessory charges
Art. 257 - b. Residential and commercial premises
Art. 257 - Payment deadlines
Art. 257 - Tenant in arrears
Art. 257 - II. Security furnished by the tenant
Art. 257 - III. Care and consideration
Art. 257 - IV. Duty of notification
Art. 257 - V. Duty of tolerance
Art. 258 - F. Non-performance or defective performance when object handed over
Art. 259 - G. Defects during the contract
Art. 259 - II. Rights of the tenant
Art. 259 - Remedy of defects
Art. 259 - b. Exception
Art. 259 - Reduction of rent
Art. 259 - Damages
Art. 259 - Assumption of litigation
Art. 259 - Deposit of rent
Art. 259 - b. Release of deposited rent
Art. 259 - c. Procedure
Art. 260 - H. Renovations and modifications
Art. 260 - II. By the tenant
Art. 261 - J. Change of ownership
Art. 261 - II. Conferral of limited rights in rem
Art. 261 - III. Entry under priority notice in the land register
Art. 262 - K. Sub-letting
Art. 263 - L. Transfer of lease to a third party
Art. 264 - M. Early return of the object
Art. 265 - N. Set-off
Art. 266 - O. End of lease
Art. 266 - II. Notice of termination and termination dates
Art. 266 - Immovable and movable structures
Art. 266 - Residential premises
Art. 266 - Commercial premises
Art. 266 - Furnished rooms and parking spaces
Art. 266 - Chattels
Art. 266 - III. Extraordinary notice
Art. 266 - Bankruptcy of the tenant or lessee
Art. 266 - Death of the tenant or lessee
Art. 266 - Chattels
Art. 266 - IV. Required form of notice for residential and commercial premises
Art. 266 - Family residence
Art. 266 - b. Notice given by the landlord
Art. 266 - Void notice
Art. 267 - P. Return of the object
Art. 267 - II. Inspection of object and notification of tenant or lessee
Art. 268 - Q. Landlord’s special lien
Art. 268 - II. Objects belonging to third parties
Art. 268 - III. Exercise of lien
Art. 269 - A. Unfair rent
Art. 269 - II. Exceptions
Art. 269 - B. Index-linked rent
Art. 269 - C. Periodical rent increases
Art. 269 - D. Rent increases and other unilateral amendments by the landlord
Art. 270 - E. Challenge to rent
Art. 270 - During the lease
Art. 270 - II. Challenging rent increases and other unilateral amendments by the landlord
Art. 270 - III. Challenging index-linked rent
Art. 270 - IV. Challenging periodical rent increases
Art. 270 - F. Continued validity of lease during challenge proceedings
Art. 271 - A. Notice open to challenge
Art. 271 - II. Notice served by the landlord
Art. 272 - B. Extension of the lease
Art. 272 - II. Exclusion of extension
Art. 272 - III. Length of extension
Art. 272 - IV. Continued validity of lease
Art. 272 - V. Notice given during extension
Art. 273 - C. Time limits and procedure1
Art. 273 - D. Family residence
Art. 273 - E. Sub-letting
Art. 273 - F. Mandatory provisions
Art. 275 - A. Definition and scope of application
Art. 276 - II. Scope of application
Art. 276 - Agricultural lease
Art. 277 - B. Inventory
Art. 278 - C. Obligations of the lessor
Art. 279 - II. Major repairs
Art. 280 - III. Charges and taxes
Art. 281 - D. Obligations of the lessee
Art. 282 - Lessee in arrears
Art. 283 - II. Care, consideration and maintenance
Art. 284 - Normal maintenance
Art. 285 - Breach of duty by the lessee
Art. 286 - III. Duty of notification
Art. 287 - IV. Duty of tolerance
Art. 288 - E. Rights of the lessee on non-performance or defective performance
Art. 289 - F. Renovations and modifications
Art. 289 - II. By the lessee
Art. 290 - G. Change of ownership
Art. 291 - H. Sub-letting
Art. 292 - J. Transfer of usufructuary lease to a third party
Art. 293 - K. Early return of the object
Art. 294 - L. Set-off
Art. 295 - M. End of usufructuary lease
Art. 296 - II. Notice of termination and termination dates
Art. 297 - III. Extraordinary notice
Art. 297 - Bankruptcy of the lessee
Art. 297 - Death of the lessee
Art. 298 - IV. Required form of notice for residential and commercial premises
Art. 299 - N. Return of the object
Art. 299 - II. Inspection of object and notification of lessee
Art. 299 - III. Replacement of inventory items
Art. 299 - O. Lessor’s lien
Art. 300 - P. Protection against termination of usufructuary leases of residential and commercial [...]
Art. 301 - Q. Procedure
Art. 302 - R. Livestock lease
Art. 303 - II. Liability
Art. 304 - III. Termination
Art. 305 - A. Definition
Art. 306 - B. Effect
Art. 307 - II. Maintenance costs
Art. 308 - III. Liability of joint borrowers
Art. 309 - C. Termination
Art. 310 - II. Loan for non-designated use
Art. 311 - III. Death of the borrower
Art. 312 - A. Definition
Art. 313 - B. Effect
Art. 314 - Rules governing interest
Art. 315 - II. Prescriptive period for claims for delivery and acceptance
Art. 316 - III. Insolvency of the borrower
Art. 317 - C. Goods in lieu of money
Art. 318 - D. Timing of repayment
Art. 319 - A. Definition and conclusion
Art. 320 - II. Creation
Art. 321 - B. Obligations of the employee
Art. 321 - II. Duty of care and loyalty
Art. 321 - III. Disclosure and hand-over of benefits received and work produced
Art. 321 - IV. Overtime
Art. 321 - V. Compliance with general directives and instructions
Art. 321 - VI. Employee’s liability
Art. 322 - C. Obligations of the employer
Art. 322 - Share in the business results
Art. 322 - Commission
Art. 322 - b. Statement
Art. 322 - Bonuses
Art. 323 - II. Payment of salary
Art. 323 - Withholding of salary
Art. 323 - Salary protection
Art. 324 - III. Salary in the event work is not possible
Art. 324 - Employee prevented from working
Art. 324 - b. Exceptions
Art. 325 - IV. Assignment and pledge of salary claims
Art. 326 - V. Piece work
Art. 326 - Piece work rates
Art. 327 - VI. Work tools, materials and expenses
Art. 327 - Expenses
Art. 327 - b. Motor vehicle
Art. 327 - c. Payment dates
Art. 328 - VII. Protection of the employee’s personality rights
Art. 328 - Shared household
Art. 328 - When handling personal data
Art. 329 - VIII. Days off work, holidays, leave for youth work, maternity leave
Art. 329 - Holidays
Art. 329 - b. Reduction
Art. 329 - c. Consecutive weeks, timing
Art. 329 - d. Salary
Art. 329 - Leave for extracurricular youth work
Art. 329 - Maternity leave
Art. 330 - IX. Other duties
Art. 330 - Reference
Art. 330 - Duty of information
Art. 331 - D. Employee benefits provision
Art. 331 - II. Beginning and end of insurance cover
Art. 331 - III. Assignment and pledge
Art. 331 - IV. Reservations on medical grounds
Art. 331 - V. Promotion of home ownership
Art. 331 - Early withdrawal
Art. 331 - Restrictions if the benefits scheme has a cover deficit
Art. 332 - E. Right to inventions and designs
Art. 332 - 1 Repealed by Annex No II to the FA of 5 Oct. 2001 on the Protection of Designs, [...]
Art. 333 - F. Transfer of employment relationship
Art. 333 - Consultation of employees’ organisation
Art. 333 - Transfer of the company on insolvency
Art. 334 - G. End of the employment relationship
Art. 335 - II. Open-ended employment relationship
Art. 335 - Notice periods
Art. 335 - b. During the probation period
Art. 335 - c. After the probation period
Art. 335 - IIbis. Mass redundancies
Art. 335 - Scope of application
Art. 335 - Consultation of employees’ organisation
Art. 335 - Procedure
Art. 335 - Social plan
Art. 335 - b. Duty to negotiate
Art. 335 - c. Preparation by an arbitral tribunal
Art. 335 - d. During bankruptcy or composition proceedings
Art. 336 - III. Protection from termination
Art. 336 - b. Penalties
Art. 336 - c. Procedure
Art. 336 - Termination at an inopportune juncture
Art. 336 - b. By the employee
Art. 337 - IV. Termination with immediate effect
Art. 337 - b. Salary at risk
Art. 337 - Consequences
Art. 337 - b. Termination without just cause
Art. 337 - c. Failure to take up post and departure without just cause
Art. 338 - V. Death of the employee or employer
Art. 338 - Death of the employer
Art. 339 - VI. Consequences of termination of the employment relationship
Art. 339 - Return
Art. 339 - Severance allowance
Art. 339 - b. Amount and due date
Art. 339 - c. Benefits in lieu of allowance
Art. 340 - VII. Prohibition of competition
Art. 340 - Restrictions
Art. 340 - Consequences of infringement
Art. 340 - Extinction
Art. 341 - H. No right of waiver and prescription
Art. 342 - I. Reservation of public law and effects under civil law
Art. 343 - 1 Repealed by Annex 1 No II 5 of the Civil Procedure Code of 19 Dec 2008, with [...]
Art. 344 - I. Definition and conclusion
Art. 344 - Conclusion and content
Art. 345 - II. Effects
Art. 345 - Special obligations of the employer
Art. 346 - III. Termination
Art. 346 - Certificate of apprenticeship
Art. 347 - I. Definition and conclusion
Art. 347 - Conclusion and content
Art. 348 - II. Obligations and authority of the commercial traveller
Art. 348 - Del credere
Art. 348 - Authority
Art. 349 - III. Special obligations of the employer
Art. 349 - Salary
Art. 349 - b. Commission
Art. 349 - c. Prevention from travelling
Art. 349 - Expenses
Art. 349 - Special lien
Art. 350 - IV. Termination
Art. 350 - Special consequences
Art. 351 - I. Definition and conclusion
Art. 351 - Notification of conditions
Art. 352 - II. Special obligations of the home worker
Art. 352 - Materials and work tools
Art. 353 - III. Special obligations of the employer
Art. 353 - Salary
Art. 353 - b. When prevented from working
Art. 354 - IV. Termination
Art. 355 - The general provisions governing individual employment contracts are applicable by way of supplement [...]
Art. 356 - I. Definition, content, form and duration
Art. 356 - Freedom of association and freedom to practise a profession
Art. 356 - Accession
Art. 356 - Form and duration
Art. 357 - II. Effects
Art. 357 - On the contracting parties
Art. 357 - Joint enforcement
Art. 358 - III. Relationship to mandatory law
Art. 359 - I. Definition and content
Art. 359 - II. Competent authorities and procedure
Art. 360 - III. Effects
Art. 360 - IV. Minimum wage
Art. 360 - Tripartite commissions
Art. 360 - Official secrecy
Art. 360 - Effects
Art. 360 - Associations’ right of action
Art. 360 - Notification
Art. 361 - A. Provisions from which no derogation is permissible to the detriment of the employer or the [...]
Art. 363 - A. Definition
Art. 364 - B. Effects
Art. 365 - Regarding materials
Art. 366 - Prompt commencement and contractual performance of work
Art. 367 - Liability for defects
Art. 368 - b. Rights of the customer in the event of defects
Art. 369 - c. Customer’s liability
Art. 370 - d. Approval of the work
Art. 371 - e. Prescription
Art. 372 - II. Customer’s obligations
Art. 373 - Amount of payment
Art. 374 - b. By the value of the work
Art. 375 - C. Termination
Art. 376 - II. Destruction of the work
Art. 377 - III. Withdrawal by the customer against indemnity
Art. 378 - IV. Impossibility of performance for reasons attributable to the customer
Art. 379 - V. Death or incapacity of the contractor
Art. 380 - A. Definition
Art. 381 - B. Effects
Art. 382 - II. Originator’s power of disposal
Art. 383 - III. Number of editions
Art. 384 - IV. Publication and sale
Art. 385 - V. Improvements and corrections
Art. 386 - VI. Collected and separate editions
Art. 387 - VII. Translation rights
Art. 388 - VIII. Author’s remuneration
Art. 389 - Due date for payment, record of sales and complimentary copies
Art. 390 - C. Termination
Art. 391 - II. Destruction of the edition
Art. 392 - III. Grounds for termination pertaining to the person of the author or the [...]
Art. 393 - D. Work on a project originated by the publisher
Art. 394 - A. Definition
Art. 395 - B. Conclusion of the contract
Art. 396 - C. Effects
Art. 397 - II. Obligations of the agent
Art. 397 - bis. Duty to notify
Art. 398 - Faithful performance
Art. 399 - b. In the event of delegation
Art. 400 - Account of agency
Art. 401 - Transfer of acquired rights
Art. 402 - III. Obligations of the principal
Art. 403 - IV. Liability of joint principals and agents
Art. 404 - D. Termination
Art. 405 - Death, incapacity, bankruptcy
Art. 406 - II. Effects of extinction of the contract
Art. 406 - A. Definition and applicable law
Art. 406 - B. Introduction of or to foreign nationals
Art. 406 - II. Duty to obtain a licence
Art. 406 - C. Form and content of the contract
Art. 406 - D. Entry into force, revocation, notice of termination
Art. 406 - E. ..
Art. 406 - F. Information and data protection
Art. 406 - G. Reduction
Art. 407 - A. Letter of credit
Art. 408 - B. Loan authorisation
Art. 409 - II. Incapacity of payee to enter into a contract
Art. 410 - III. Payment extension granted on own authority
Art. 411 - IV. Borrower and principal
Art. 412 - A. Definition and form
Art. 413 - B. Broker’s fee
Art. 414 - II. Fixing the fee
Art. 415 - III. Forfeiture
Art. 416 - IV. ..
Art. 417 - V. Excessive fees
Art. 418 - C. Reservation of cantonal law
Art. 418 - A. General
Art. 418 - II. Applicable law
Art. 418 - B. Obligations of the agent
Art. 418 - II. Duty of discretion and prohibition of competition
Art. 418 - C. Powers of representation
Art. 418 - D. Obligations of the principal
Art. 418 - II. Commission
Art. 418 - b. Lapse of entitlement
Art. 418 - c. Due date
Art. 418 - d. Statement of commission
Art. 418 - Collection commission
Art. 418 - III. Inability to work
Art. 418 - IV. Costs and expenses
Art. 418 - V. Special lien
Art. 418 - E. Termination
Art. 418 - II. Notice of termination
Art. 418 - For good cause
Art. 418 - III. Death, incapacity, bankruptcy
Art. 418 - IV. Claims of the agent
Art. 418 - Compensation for clientele
Art. 418 - V. Duty of restitution
Art. 419 - A. Rights and obligations of the agent
Art. 420 - II. Liability of the agent in general
Art. 421 - III. Liability of agents lacking capacity to enter into contracts
Art. 422 - B. Position of the principal
Art. 423 - II. Business conducted in the agent’s interests
Art. 424 - III. Approval of agency activities
Art. 425 - A. Buying and selling commission
Art. 426 - II. Obligations of the commission agent
Art. 427 - Treatment of goods on commission
Art. 428 - Pricing by the principal
Art. 429 - Advances and loans to third parties
Art. 430 - Del credere
Art. 431 - III. Rights of the commission agent
Art. 432 - Commission
Art. 433 - b. Forfeiture and conversion into transaction for own account
Art. 434 - Special lien
Art. 435 - Sale of goods at auction
Art. 436 - Agent acting for his own account
Art. 437 - b. Presumption of trading for own account
Art. 438 - c. Lapse of right to trade for own account
Art. 439 - B. Forwarding contract
Art. 440 - A. Definition
Art. 441 - B. Effects
Art. 442 - Packaging
Art. 443 - Power of disposal over freight
Art. 444 - II. Position of the carrier
Art. 445 - b. Sale
Art. 446 - c. Liability
Art. 447 - Liability of the carrier
Art. 448 - b. Delay, damage, partial destruction
Art. 449 - c. Liability for sub-contractors
Art. 450 - Duty of notification
Art. 451 - Lien
Art. 452 - Forfeiture of liability claims
Art. 453 - Procedure
Art. 454 - Prescription of actions for damages
Art. 455 - C. State-owned and licensed carriers
Art. 456 - D. Use of state transport facilities
Art. 457 - E. Liability of the forwarding agent
Art. 458 - A. Registered power of attorney
Art. 459 - II. Scope of authority
Art. 460 - III. Restrictions
Art. 461 - IV. Withdrawal
Art. 462 - B. Other forms of commercial agency
Art. 463 - C. ..
Art. 464 - D. Prohibition of competition
Art. 465 - E. Extinction of power of attorney and other forms of commercial agency
Art. 466 - A. Definition
Art. 467 - B. Effects
Art. 468 - II. Obligations of the agent
Art. 469 - III. Duty to notify non-payment
Art. 470 - C. Revocation
Art. 471 - D. Payment instructions relating to securities
Art. 472 - A. Bailment in general
Art. 473 - II. Obligations of the bailor
Art. 474 - III. Obligations of the bailee
Art. 475 - Return
Art. 476 - b. Rights of the bailee
Art. 477 - c. Place of return
Art. 478 - Liability of joint bailees
Art. 479 - Third-party rights of title
Art. 480 - IV. Official receiver
Art. 481 - B. Bailment of fungibles
Art. 482 - C. Warehousing business
Art. 483 - II. Warehouse keeper’s duty of safe-keeping
Art. 484 - III. Intermingling of stored goods
Art. 485 - IV. Rights of the warehouse keeper
Art. 486 - V. Return of the goods
Art. 487 - D. Inns, hotels and stables
Art. 488 - Specific liability for valuables
Art. 489 - End of liability
Art. 490 - II. Liability of stable owners
Art. 491 - III. Lien
Art. 492 - A. Requirements
Art. 493 - II. Form
Art. 494 - III. Spouse’s consent
Art. 495 - B. Substance
Art. 496 - Joint and several surety
Art. 497 - Co-surety
Art. 498 - Collateral surety and counter-surety
Art. 499 - II. Common provisions
Art. 500 - b. Reduction of liability by court order
Art. 501 - c. Resort to the surety
Art. 502 - d. Defences
Art. 503 - e. Creditor’s duty of diligence and duty to release documents and pledges
Art. 504 - f. Right to demand acceptance of payment
Art. 505 - g. Creditor’s duty to notify and to register his claim in bankruptcy and composition [...]
Art. 506 - Relationship between surety and principal debtor
Art. 507 - b. Surety’s right of recourse
Art. 508 - bb. Surety’s duty to notify
Art. 509 - C. Termination of the contract of surety
Art. 510 - II. Fixed-term contract of surety; revocation
Art. 511 - III. Open-ended contract of surety
Art. 512 - IV. Contracts of surety for official and civil service obligations
Art. 513 - A. No actionable claim
Art. 514 - B. Debentures and voluntary payment
Art. 515 - C. Lotteries and prize draws
Art. 515 - D. Gambling in casinos, loans from casinos
Art. 516 - A. Life annuity agreement
Art. 517 - II. Formal requirement
Art. 518 - III. Rights of the annuitant
Art. 519 - Assignment1
Art. 520 - IV. Life annuities under the law governing insurance policies
Art. 521 - B. Lifetime maintenance agreement
Art. 522 - II. Conclusion
Art. 523 - Security
Art. 524 - III. Content
Art. 525 - IV. Challenge and reduction
Art. 526 - V. Termination
Art. 527 - Unilateral termination
Art. 528 - Termination on the death of the settlor
Art. 529 - VI. Non-transferable claim, asserting claim in the event of bankruptcy and [...]
Art. 530 - A. Definition
Art. 531 - B. Relationship between partners
Art. 532 - II. Profit and loss
Art. 533 - Participation in profits and losses
Art. 534 - III. Partnership resolutions
Art. 535 - IV. Management of partnership business
Art. 536 - V. Liability between partners
Art. 537 - Claims arising from partnership activities
Art. 538 - Due diligence
Art. 539 - VI. Withdrawal and restriction of management authority
Art. 540 - VII. Managing partners and other partners
Art. 541 - Right to information on the affairs of the partnership
Art. 542 - VIII. Admission of new partners and sub-participation
Art. 543 - C. Relationship between partners and third parties
Art. 544 - II. Effects of representation
Art. 545 - D. Dissolution
Art. 546 - Partnership of indefinite duration
Art. 547 - II. Effect of dissolution on business management
Art. 548 - III. Liquidation
Art. 549 - Division of surplus and deficit
Art. 550 - Liquidation method
Art. 551 - IV. Liability towards third parties
Art. 552 - A. Commercial partnerships
Art. 553 - B. Non-commercial partnerships
Art. 554 - C. Entry in the commercial register
Art. 555 - II. Representation
Art. 556 - III. Formal requirements
Art. 557 - A. Freedom of contract, reference to simple partnership
Art. 558 - B. Financial reporting1
Art. 559 - C. Entitlement to profit, interest and fees
Art. 560 - D. Losses
Art. 561 - E. Prohibition of competition
Art. 562 - A. In general
Art. 563 - B. Representation
Art. 564 - II. Scope
Art. 565 - III. Withdrawal
Art. 566 - IV. Registered power of attorney and commercial agency
Art. 567 - V. Transactions and liability in tort
Art. 568 - C. Position of creditors
Art. 569 - II. Liability of new partners
Art. 570 - III. Insolvency of the partnership
Art. 571 - IV. Insolvency of the partnership and bankruptcy of the partners
Art. 572 - D. Position of personal creditors of partners
Art. 573 - E. Set off
Art. 574 - A. In general
Art. 575 - B. Termination by personal creditors
Art. 576 - C. Withdrawal of partners
Art. 577 - II. Exclusion by court order
Art. 578 - III. Exclusion by the other partners
Art. 579 - IV. In the case of two partners
Art. 580 - V. Determining the share
Art. 581 - VI. Registration
Art. 582 - A. General principle
Art. 583 - B. Liquidators
Art. 584 - C. Representation of heirs
Art. 585 - D. Rights and obligations of the liquidators
Art. 586 - E. Provisional distribution
Art. 587 - F. Division
Art. 588 - II. Repayment of capital and distribution of surplus
Art. 589 - G. Deletion from the commercial register
Art. 590 - H. Archiving of ledgers and other documents
Art. 591 - A. Object and prescriptive period
Art. 592 - B. Special cases
Art. 593 - C. Interruption
Art. 594 - A. Commercial partnerships
Art. 595 - B. Non-commercial partnerships
Art. 596 - C. Entry in the commercial register
Art. 597 - II. Formal requirements
Art. 598 - A. Freedom of contract, reference to general partnership
Art. 599 - B. Management of business
Art. 600 - C. Position of limited partners
Art. 601 - D. Share in profit and loss
Art. 602 - A. In general
Art. 603 - B. Representation
Art. 604 - C. Liability of general partners
Art. 605 - D. Liability of limited partners
Art. 606 - II. Lack of registration
Art. 607 - III. ..
Art. 608 - IV. Scope of liability
Art. 609 - V. Reduction of limited partner’s specific contribution
Art. 610 - VI. Creditors’ right of action
Art. 611 - VII. Entitlement to interest and profit
Art. 612 - VIII. Joining limited partnerships
Art. 613 - E. Position of personal creditors
Art. 614 - F. Set off
Art. 615 - G. Insolvency
Art. 616 - II. Insolvency of the partnership
Art. 617 - III. Procedure against general partners
Art. 618 - IV. Bankruptcy of limited partners
Art. 619 - 1 The provisions governing general partnerships also apply to the dissolution and [...]
Art. 620 - A. Definition
Art. 621 - B. Minimum share capital
Art. 622 - C. Shares
Art. 623 - II. Splitting and consolidating shares
Art. 624 - III. Issue price
Art. 625 - D. Shareholders
Art. 626 - E. Articles of association
Art. 627 - II. Further provisions
Art. 628 - Relating specifically to contributions in kind, acquisitions in kind, special [...]
Art. 629 - F. Establishment
Art. 630 - Share subscription
Art. 631 - II. Supporting documents
Art. 632 - III. Capital contributions
Art. 633 - Performance of contributions
Art. 634 - b. Contributions in kind
Art. 634 - c. Subsequent contribution
Art. 635 - Verification of capital contributions
Art. 635 - b. Audit confirmation
Art. 640 - G. Entry in the commercial register
Art. 641 - II. Branch offices
Art. 642 - III. Contributions and acquisitions in kind, special privileges
Art. 643 - H. Acquisition of legal personality
Art. 644 - II. Shares issued before entry
Art. 645 - III. Obligations contracted prior to entry
Art. 646 - 1 Repealed by No I of the FA of 4 Oct. 1991, with effect from 1 July 1992 (AS [...]
Art. 647 - J. Amending the articles of association
Art. 650 - K. Increase in the share capital
Art. 651 - Authorised capital increase
Art. 651 - b. Amendment of the articles of association
Art. 652 - Common provisions
Art. 652 - b. ..
Art. 652 - c. Subscription right
Art. 652 - d. Making capital contributions
Art. 652 - e. Increase from equity capital
Art. 652 - f. Capital increase report
Art. 652 - g. Audit confirmation
Art. 652 - h. Amendment of articles of association and statements required
Art. 652 - i. Entry in the commercial register; nullity of previously issued shares
Art. 653 - II. Contingent capital increase
Art. 653 - Restrictions
Art. 653 - Basis in articles of association
Art. 653 - Protection of shareholders
Art. 653 - Protection of beneficiaries of conversion or option rights
Art. 653 - Execution of capital increase
Art. 653 - b. Audit confirmation
Art. 653 - c. Amendment of the articles of association
Art. 653 - d. Entry in the commercial register
Art. 653 - Deletion
Art. 654 - III. Preference shares
Art. 655 - 1 Repealed by No I of the FA of 4 Oct. 1991, with effect from 1 July 1992 (AS [...]
Art. 656 - Status of preference shares1
Art. 656 - L. Participation certificates
Art. 656 - II. Participation and share capital
Art. 656 - III. Legal position of participation certificate holders
Art. 656 - Notice and resolutions of general meetings
Art. 656 - Representation on the board of directors
Art. 656 - Pecuniary rights
Art. 656 - b. Subscription rights
Art. 657 - M. Dividend rights certificates
Art. 658 - 1 Repealed by No I of the FA of 4 Oct. 1991, with effect 1 July 1992 (AS [...]
Art. 659 - N. Own shares
Art. 659 - II. Consequences of acquisition
Art. 659 - III. Acquisition by subsidiaries
Art. 660 - A. Entitlement to a share of the profits and proceeds of liquidation
Art. 661 - II. Calculation method
Art. 662 - 1 Repealed by No I 1 of the FA of 23 Dec 2011 (Financial Reporting Law), with [...]
Art. 662 - 1 Inserted by No I of the FA of 4 Oct. 1991 (AS 1992 733; BBl [...]
Art. 663 - 1 Repealed by No I 1 of the FA of 23 Dec 2011 (Financial Reporting Law), with [...]
Art. 663 - 1 Inserted by No I of the FA of 4 Oct. 1991 (AS 1992 733; BBl [...]
Art. 663 - B. 2Annual report
Art. 663 - Shareholdings2
Art. 663 - 1 Inserted by No I of the FA of 4 Oct. 1991 (AS 1992 733; BBl [...]
Art. 664 - 1 Repealed by No I 1 of the FA of 23 Dec 2011 (Financial Reporting Law), with [...]
Art. 665 - 1 Inserted by No I of the FA of 4 Oct. 1991 (AS 1992 733; BBl [...]
Art. 666 - 1 Repealed by No I 1 of the FA of 23 Dec 2011 (Financial Reporting Law), with [...]
Art. 668 - 1 Repealed by No I of the FA of 4 Oct. 1991, with effect from 1 July 1992 (AS [...]
Art. 669 - 1 Repealed by No I 1 of the FA of 23 Dec 2011 (Financial Reporting Law), with [...]
Art. 670 - II. Valuation, revaluation2
Art. 671 - C. Reserves
Art. 671 - Reserve for own shares
Art. 671 - Revaluation reserve
Art. 672 - II. Reserves pursuant to the articles of association
Art. 673 - For staff welfare purposes
Art. 674 - III. Ratio of the share in the profit to the reserves
Art. 675 - D. Dividends, interest before commencement of operations and shares of profits paid to board [...]
Art. 676 - II. Interest before commencement of operations
Art. 677 - III. Shares of profits paid to board members
Art. 678 - E. Return of benefits
Art. 679 - II. Shares of profits paid to board members on insolvency
Art. 680 - F. Shareholder’s duty to contribute
Art. 681 - II. Consequences of default
Art. 682 - Call for performance
Art. 683 - G. Issue and transfer of shares
Art. 684 - II. Registered shares
Art. 685 - H. Restricted transferability
Art. 685 - II. Restrictions under the articles of association
Art. 685 - Unlisted registered shares
Art. 685 - b. Effect
Art. 685 - Listed registered shares
Art. 685 - b. Duty of notification
Art. 685 - c. Transfer of rights
Art. 685 - d. Time limit for refusal
Art. 686 - Share register
Art. 686 - b. Deletion
Art. 687 - Registered shares not fully paid in1
Art. 688 - III. Interim certificates
Art. 689 - J. Personal membership rights
Art. 689 - Entitlement as against the company
Art. 689 - Representation of the shareholder
Art. 689 - b. Governing officer as representative
Art. 689 - c. Custodian as representative
Art. 689 - d. Disclosure
Art. 690 - Multiple beneficiaries1
Art. 691 - II. Unauthorised participation
Art. 692 - III. Voting rights at general meetings of shareholders
Art. 693 - Shares with privileged voting rights
Art. 694 - Entitlement to exercise voting right
Art. 695 - Exclusion of voting right
Art. 696 - IV. Shareholders’ rights of control
Art. 697 - Information and inspection
Art. 697 - V. Right to instigate a special audit
Art. 697 - If motion rejected by the general meeting
Art. 697 - Appointment
Art. 697 - Audit activities
Art. 697 - Report
Art. 697 - Procedure and publication
Art. 697 - Costs
Art. 697 - 1 Inserted by No I of the FA of 4 Oct. 1991 (AS 1992 733; BBl [...]
Art. 697 - K. Shareholder’s obligation to report
Art. 697 - II. Notice of beneficial owner of shares
Art. 697 - III. Notice to a financial intermediary and obligation of the financial intermediary to provide [...]
Art. 697 - IV. Register
Art. 697 - V. Failure to comply with obligations to give notice
Art. 698 - I. Powers
Art. 699 - II. Convocation and agenda items
Art. 700 - Form
Art. 701 - Universal meeting
Art. 702 - III. Preparatory measures; minutes
Art. 702 - IV. Participation of members of the board of directors
Art. 703 - V. Resolutions and elections
Art. 704 - Important resolutions
Art. 704 - Conversion of bearer shares into registered shares
Art. 705 - VI. Dismissal of the board of directors and the auditors1
Art. 706 - VII. Challenging resolutions of the general meeting
Art. 706 - Procedure
Art. 706 - VIII. Nullity2
Art. 707 - I. In general
Art. 708 - ..
Art. 709 - Representation of shareholder classes and groups2
Art. 710 - Term of office2
Art. 711 - 1 Repealed by No I 3 of the FA of 16 Dec 2005 (Law on Limited Liability Companies [...]
Art. 712 - II. Organisation
Art. 713 - Resolutions
Art. 714 - Void resolutions
Art. 715 - Right to convene meetings
Art. 715 - Right to information and inspection
Art. 716 - III. Duties
Art. 716 - Non-transferable duties
Art. 716 - Delegation of business management
Art. 717 - IV. Duty of care and loyalty
Art. 718 - V. Representation
Art. 718 - Scope and restriction
Art. 718 - Contracts between the company and its representative
Art. 719 - Signatures1
Art. 720 - Registration1
Art. 721 - Registered attorneys and commercial agents2
Art. 722 - VI. Directors’ and officers’ liability2
Art. 725 - VII. Capital loss and overindebtedness
Art. 725 - Commencement or stay of insolvency proceedings
Art. 726 - VIII. Dismissal and suspension1
Art. 727 - I. Audit requirement
Art. 727 - Limited audit
Art. 727 - II. Requirements for the auditor
Art. 727 - In a limited audit
Art. 728 - III. Ordinary audit
Art. 728 - Duties of the auditor
Art. 728 - b. Audit report
Art. 728 - c. Duty to notify
Art. 729 - IV. Limited audit (Review)
Art. 729 - Duties of the auditor
Art. 729 - b. Audit report
Art. 729 - c. Duty to notify
Art. 730 - V. Common provisions
Art. 730 - Term of office of the auditor
Art. 730 - Information and confidentiality
Art. 730 - Documentation and safekeeping of documents
Art. 731 - Approval of the accounts and allocation of profits
Art. 731 - Special provisions
Art. 731 - 1 Any shareholder or creditor or the commercial registrar may request the court to [...]
Art. 732 - A. Resolution to reduce the capital
Art. 732 - B. Cancellation of shares in the event of restructuring
Art. 733 - B. Call on creditors1
Art. 734 - C. Implementation of the reduction1
Art. 735 - D. Reduction in the case of negative net worth1
Art. 736 - A. Dissolution in general
Art. 737 - II. Notification for entry in the commercial register
Art. 738 - III. Consequences
Art. 739 - B. Dissolution with liquidation
Art. 740 - II. Appointment and dismissal of the liquidators
Art. 741 - Dismissal
Art. 742 - III. Liquidation process
Art. 743 - Other duties
Art. 744 - Protection of creditors
Art. 745 - Distribution of assets
Art. 746 - IV. Deletion from the commercial register
Art. 747 - V. Retention of the share register, accounting records and register
Art. 751 - II. Takeover by a public sector corporation
Art. 752 - A. Liability
Art. 753 - II. Founder members’ liability
Art. 754 - III. Liability for administration, business management and liquidation
Art. 755 - IV. Auditors’ liability
Art. 756 - B. Damage to the company
Art. 757 - II. Claims in insolvency
Art. 758 - III. Effect of the resolution of release
Art. 759 - C. Joint and several liability and recourse
Art. 760 - Prescription
Art. 761 - 1 Repealed by Annex No 5 of the Civil Jurisdiction Act of 24 March 2000, with [...]
Art. 762 - 1 Where public sector corporations such as the Confederation, or a canton, district [...]
Art. 763 - 1 The provisions governing the company limited by shares are not applicable to [...]
Art. 764 - A. Definition
Art. 765 - B. Directors
Art. 766 - II. Approval of resolutions of the general meeting
Art. 767 - III. Withdrawal of authority to manage business and represent the partnership
Art. 768 - C. Supervisory board
Art. 769 - II. Liability action
Art. 770 - D. Dissolution
Art. 771 - E. Resignation
Art. 772 - A. Definition
Art. 773 - B. Nominal capital
Art. 774 - C. Capital contributions
Art. 774 - D. Profit sharing certificates
Art. 775 - E. Company members
Art. 776 - F. Articles of association
Art. 776 - II. Conditional requirements as to content
Art. 777 - G. Establishment
Art. 777 - II. Subscription for capital contributions
Art. 777 - III. Documents
Art. 777 - IV. Capital contributions
Art. 778 - H. Entry in the commercial register
Art. 778 - II. Branch offices
Art. 779 - J. Acquisition of legal personality
Art. 779 - II. Obligations entered into before registration
Art. 780 - K. Amendment of the articles of association
Art. 781 - L. Increase in the nominal capital
Art. 782 - M. Reduction of the nominal capital
Art. 783 - N. Acquisition of own capital contributions
Art. 784 - A. Capital contributions
Art. 785 - II. Transfer
Art. 786 - b. Consent requirements
Art. 787 - c. Transfer of rights
Art. 788 - Special forms of acquisition
Art. 789 - Determining the true value
Art. 789 - Usufruct
Art. 789 - Charge
Art. 790 - III. Register of contributions
Art. 790 - IIIbis. Notice of the beneficial owner of the capital contributions
Art. 791 - IV. Entry in the commercial register
Art. 792 - V. Common property
Art. 793 - B. Payment of capital contributions
Art. 794 - C. Liability the company members
Art. 795 - D. Additional financial and material contributions
Art. 795 - Call for additional financial contributions
Art. 795 - Repayment
Art. 795 - Reduction
Art. 795 - Continuation
Art. 796 - II. Further material contributions
Art. 797 - III. Retrospective introduction
Art. 798 - E. Dividends, interest, shares of profits
Art. 798 - II. Interest
Art. 798 - III. Shares of profits
Art. 799 - F. Preferential capital contributions
Art. 800 - G. Refund of payments
Art. 801 - H. Reserves
Art. 801 - J. Notification of the annual report
Art. 802 - K. Right to information and to inspect documents
Art. 803 - L. Duty of loyalty and prohibition of competition
Art. 804 - A. Members' general meeting
Art. 805 - II. Convening and conduct of the meeting
Art. 806 - III. Voting rights
Art. 806 - Exclusion of the right to vote
Art. 806 - Usufruct
Art. 807 - IV. Right of veto
Art. 808 - V. Resolutions
Art. 808 - Casting vote
Art. 808 - Important resolutions
Art. 808 - VI. Contesting resolutions of the members' general meeting
Art. 809 - B. Management and representation
Art. 810 - II. Duties of the managing directors
Art. 811 - III. Approval by the members' general meeting
Art. 812 - IV. Duty of care and of loyalty; prohibition of competition
Art. 813 - V. Equal treatment
Art. 814 - VI. Representation
Art. 815 - VII. Removal of managing directors; Revocation of the right to represent the [...]
Art. 816 - VIII. Nullity of decisions
Art. 817 - IX. Liability
Art. 818 - C. Auditor
Art. 819 - D. Defects in the organisation the company
Art. 820 - E. Loss of capital and overindebtedness
Art. 821 - A. Dissolution
Art. 821 - II. Consequences
Art. 822 - B. Resignation of company members
Art. 822 - II. Follow-up resignations
Art. 823 - III. Exclusion
Art. 824 - IV. Interim measures
Art. 825 - V. Financial settlement
Art. 825 - Payment
Art. 826 - C. Liquidation
Art. 827 - The relevant provisions on companies limited by shares apply to the liability of persons who are [...]
Art. 828 - A. Cooperatives under the Code of Obligations
Art. 829 - B. Cooperatives under public law
Art. 830 - C. Establishment
Art. 831 - Number of members
Art. 832 - II. Articles of association
Art. 833 - Further provisions
Art. 834 - III. Constituent assembly
Art. 835 - IV. Entry in the commercial register
Art. 836 - Branch offices
Art. 837 - Register of members
Art. 838 - V. Acquisition of legal personality
Art. 839 - A. General principle
Art. 840 - B. Declaration of accession
Art. 841 - C. In connection with an insurance policy
Art. 842 - A. Departure
Art. 843 - II. Restriction of departure
Art. 844 - III. Notice and timing of departure
Art. 845 - IV. Exercise in bankruptcy and attachment
Art. 846 - B. Exclusion
Art. 847 - C. Death of a member
Art. 848 - D. Lapse of office, employment or contract
Art. 849 - E. Transfer of membership
Art. 850 - II. By transfer of land or commercial exploitation
Art. 851 - F. Departure of the legal successor
Art. 852 - A. Proof of membership
Art. 853 - B. Share certificates
Art. 854 - C. Equality
Art. 855 - D. Rights
Art. 856 - II. Control by the members
Art. 857 - Release of information
Art. 858 - III. Rights to share the net profit
Art. 859 - Profit distribution principles
Art. 860 - Duty to form and accumulate a reserve fund
Art. 861 - Net profit at credit cooperatives
Art. 862 - Welfare funds
Art. 863 - Further allocations to reserves
Art. 864 - IV. Entitlement to settlement
Art. 865 - By law
Art. 866 - E. Duties
Art. 867 - II. Duty to make contributions
Art. 868 - III. Liability
Art. 869 - Of the members
Art. 870 - b. Limited liability
Art. 871 - c. Liability to make additional contributions
Art. 872 - d. Inadmissible restrictions
Art. 873 - e. Procedure in insolvency
Art. 874 - f. Amendment of liability provisions
Art. 875 - g. Liability of new members
Art. 876 - h. Liability after departure or dissolution
Art. 877 - i. Notification of accessions and departures for entry in the commercial [...]
Art. 878 - k. Prescriptive periods for liability
Art. 879 - A. General assembly of members
Art. 880 - II. Ballot
Art. 881 - III. Convening the general assembly
Art. 882 - Form
Art. 883 - Agenda items
Art. 884 - Universal meeting
Art. 885 - IV. Voting rights
Art. 886 - V. Representation
Art. 887 - VI. Exclusion of voting rights
Art. 888 - VII. Resolutions
Art. 889 - Increase of members’ obligations
Art. 890 - VIII. Dismissal of the directors and the auditor1
Art. 891 - IX. Challenging resolutions of the general assembly
Art. 892 - X. Assembly of delegates
Art. 893 - XI. Exceptions for insurance cooperatives
Art. 894 - B. Directors
Art. 895 - -
Art. 896 - II. Term of office
Art. 897 - III. Administrative committees
Art. 898 - IV. Business management and representation
Art. 899 - Scope and restriction
Art. 899 - Contracts between the cooperative and its representatives
Art. 900 - Signatures1
Art. 901 - Entry1
Art. 902 - V. Duties
Art. 903 - Duty to notify capital loss and overindebtedness
Art. 904 - VI. Return of payments to members
Art. 905 - VII. Dismissal and suspension
Art. 906 - C. Auditor
Art. 907 - II. Verification of the membership list
Art. 908 - D. Defects in organisation
Art. 909 - 1 Repealed by No I 3 of the FA of 16 Dec 2005 (Law on Limited Liability Companies [...]
Art. 911 - A. Grounds for dissolution
Art. 912 - B. Notification for entry in the commercial register
Art. 913 - C. Liquidation, distribution of assets
Art. 914 - D. ..
Art. 915 - E. Takeover by a public sector corporation
Art. 916 - A. Liability to the cooperative
Art. 917 - B. Liability to the cooperative, members and creditors
Art. 918 - C. Joint and several liability and recourse
Art. 919 - D. Prescription
Art. 920 - E. Liability in credit and insurance cooperatives
Art. 921 - A. Requirements
Art. 922 - B. Organisation
Art. 923 - II. Board of directors
Art. 924 - III. Monitoring, challenge
Art. 925 - IV. Exclusion of new obligations
Art. 926 - 1 Where public sector corporations such as the Confederation or a canton, district [...]
Art. 927 - A. Purpose and establishment
Art. 928 - II. Liability
Art. 929 - III. Federal Council ordinances
Art. 929 - Electronic commercial registers
Art. 930 - IV. Public register
Art. 931 - V. Swiss Official Gazette of Commerce
Art. 931 - B. Entries
Art. 932 - II. Entry into force1
Art. 933 - III. Effects1
Art. 934 - IV. Entry in the commercial register
Art. 935 - Branch offices
Art. 936 - Implementing provisions
Art. 936 - Business Identification number
Art. 937 - V. Changes1
Art. 938 - VI. Deletion
Art. 938 - Ex officio deletion
Art. 938 - Executive officers and powers of representation
Art. 939 - VII. Insolvency of commercial enterprises and cooperatives1
Art. 940 - VIII. Duties of the registrar
Art. 941 - Reminder, ex officio entry
Art. 941 - Application to the court or supervisory authority
Art. 942 - IX. Failure to comply with provisions
Art. 943 - Administrative fines
Art. 944 - A. General principles of business name composition
Art. 945 - II. Names of sole proprietorships
Art. 946 - Exclusivity of the registered business name
Art. 947 - 1 Repealed by No I of the FA of 25 Sept. 2015 (Law of Business Names), with effect [...]
Art. 949 - 1 Repealed by No I 3 of the FA of 16 Dec 2005 (Law on Limited Liability Companies [...]
Art. 950 - III. Company names
Art. 951 - Exclusivity of the registered business name
Art. 952 - IV. Branch offices
Art. 953 - V. ..
Art. 954 - VI. Change of name
Art. 954 - B. Obligation to use business and other names
Art. 955 - C. Monitoring1
Art. 955 - D. Reservation of other provisions of federal law
Art. 956 - E. Protection of business names1
Art. 957 - A. Duty to keep accounts and file financial reports
Art. 957 - B. Accounting
Art. 958 - C. Financial reporting
Art. 958 - II. Principles of financial reporting
Art. 958 - Chronological and material distinction
Art. 958 - III. Recognised financial reporting principles
Art. 958 - IV. Presentation, currency and language
Art. 958 - D. Publication and inspection
Art. 958 - E. Keeping and retaining accounting records
Art. 959 - A. Balance sheet
Art. 959 - II. Minimum structure
Art. 959 - B. Profit and loss account; minimum structure
Art. 959 - C. Notes to the accounts
Art. 960 - D. Valuation
Art. 960 - II. Assets
Art. 960 - Assets with observable market prices
Art. 960 - Inventories and non-invoiced services
Art. 960 - Capital assets
Art. 960 - III. Liabilities
Art. 961 - A. Additional requirements for the annual report
Art. 961 - B. Additional information in the notes to the annual accounts
Art. 961 - C. Cash flow statement
Art. 961 - D. Management report
Art. 961 - E. Simplification due to consolidated accounts
Art. 962 - A. General
Art. 962 - B. Recognised financial reporting standards
Art. 963 - A. Duty to prepare
Art. 963 - B. Exemption from the duty to prepare accounts
Art. 963 - C. Recognised financial reporting standards
Art. 964 - 1 Repealed by No I of the FA of 22 Dec 1999, with effect from 1 June 2002 (AS [...]
Art. 965 - A. Definition of negotiable security
Art. 966 - B. Obligation under the security
Art. 967 - C. Transfer of the security
Art. 968 - II. Endorsement
Art. 969 - Effect
Art. 970 - D. Conversion
Art. 971 - E. Cancellation
Art. 972 - II. Procedure, effect
Art. 973 - F. Special provisions
Art. 973 - G. Collective custody, global certificate and uncertificated securities
Art. 973 - II. Global certificate
Art. 973 - III. Uncertificated securities
Art. 974 - A. Definition
Art. 975 - B. Evidence of creditor’s right
Art. 976 - II. With qualified bearer securities
Art. 977 - C. Cancellation
Art. 978 - A. Definition
Art. 979 - B. Obligor’s defences
Art. 980 - II. In the case of bearer coupons
Art. 981 - C. Cancellation
Art. 982 - Attachment order
Art. 983 - Public call for presentation, time limit
Art. 984 - Form of public notice
Art. 985 - Effect
Art. 986 - b. Where the security is not presented
Art. 987 - II. Of coupons in particular
Art. 988 - III. In the case of banknotes and the like
Art. 989 - D. Mortgage certificates
Art. 990 - A person with capacity to enter into contracts has capacity to incur liability as a party to a bill [...]
Art. 991 - Requirements
Art. 992 - Required content lacking
Art. 993 - Types
Art. 994 - Payment of domiciled bills
Art. 995 - Promise of interest
Art. 996 - Discrepancy in specification of bill amount
Art. 997 - Signatures of persons lacking capacity
Art. 998 - Unauthorised signature
Art. 999 - Liability of the drawer
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